Book Notes
BOOK NOTES - 2011                                                2010 - 2009 - 2008 

Advocacy Across Borders: NGOs, Anti-Sweatshop Activism and the Global Garment Industry 
By Shae Garwood. Sterling, VA: Kumarian Press, 2011. 
235 pages. Hardback US $75, Paperback US $24.95. 
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The clothing and textile industry employs nearly 30 million people worldwide, mostly in Asia and Central America. Workers frequently face long hours, inadequate wages, harassment and abuse. While some resist such conditions by joining labor unions, many are prevented from doing so or find it difficult to adjust to transitory manufacturers. Because of these challenges, garment workers have reached out to allies across political borders in order to apply more pressure on garment manufacturers. 
The transnational anti-sweatshop network is at a critical stage in its development and is due for serious analysis. Advocacy Across Borders reveals the relationships that Northern-based NGOs forge in order to exert influence on powerful actors in the industry. An exhaustive dissection of the strategies of many organizations involved in this extensive network, Garwood’s study points the way forward for civil society actors reaching across borders to advocate for a better world.

Public Policy in the Community (2nd Edition) 
By Marilyn Taylor. Hampshire, England: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.
376 pages.  Hardback £ 65.00; Paperback £24.99.
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The idea of community involvement and empowerment has become central to politics in recent years. Governments, keen to reduce public spending and increase civic involvement, believe active communities are essential for tackling a range of social, economic and political challenges, such as crime, sustainable development, and the provision of care. 

Public Policy in the Community examines the way that community and the ideas associated with it – civil society, social capital, mutuality, networks – have been understood and applied from the 1960s to the present day. Marilyn Taylor examines the issues involved in putting the community at the heart of policy making, and considers the political and social implications of such a practice. Drawing on a wide range of relevant examples from around the world, the book considers the success of existing approaches and the prospects for further developments. Thoroughly updated to reflect advances in research and practice, the new edition of this important text gives a state-of-the-art assessment of the place of community in public policy.

Philanthropy in America: A History
 By Olivier Zunz 
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012. 396 pages.
Cloth  US $29.95,  £20.95.
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American philanthropy today expands knowledge, champions social movements, defines active citizenship, influences policymaking, and addresses humanitarian crises. How did philanthropy become such a powerful and integral force in American society? Philanthropy in America explores in depth the twentieth-century growth of this unique phenomenon. Ranging from the influential large-scale foundations established by tycoons such as John D. Rockefeller, Sr., and the mass mobilization of small donors by the Red Cross and March of Dimes, to the recent social advocacy of individuals like Bill Gates and George Soros, Olivier Zunz chronicles the tight connections between private giving and public affairs, and shows how this union has enlarged democracy and shaped history.

Zunz looks at the ways in which American philanthropy emerged not as charity work, but as an open and sometimes controversial means to foster independent investigation, problem solving, and the greater good. Andrew Carnegie supported science research and higher education, catapulting these fields to a prominent position on the world stage. In the 1950s, Howard Pew deliberately funded the young Billy Graham to counter liberal philanthropies, prefiguring the culture wars and increased philanthropic support for religious causes. And in the 1960s, the Ford Foundation supported civil rights through education, voter registration drives, and community action programs. Zunz argues that American giving allowed the country to export its ideals abroad after World War II, and he examines the federal tax policies that unified the diverse nonprofit sector.

The Community Development Reader: History, Themes and Issues
Edited by Gary Craig, Marjorie Mayo, Keith Popple, Mae Shaw, and Marilyn Taylor 
Bristol, UK: Policy Press, 2011. 360 pages.
Hard Back £70.00, Paperback £28.99.
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Community development emerged as a recognisable occupational activity in the United Kingdom in the 1950s. Since then, whilst struggling to remain true to its basic values it has often been manipulated to serve differing policy and political purposes. This Reader traces its changing fortunes through a selection of readings from key writers. 

Challenging Governance Theory: From Networks to Hegemony  

By Jonathan S. Davies 
Bristol, UK: Policy Press, 2011.
200 pages. Hardback £ 56.
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Theories heralding the rise of network governance have dominated for a generation. Yet, empirical research suggests that claims for the transformative potential of networks are exaggerated. This book takes a critical look at contemporary governance theory, elaborating a Gramscian alternative. It argues that although the ideology of networks has been a vital element in the neoliberal hegemonic project, there are major structural impediments to accomplishing it. While networking remains important, the hierarchical and coercive state is vital for the maintenance of social order and integral to the institutions of contemporary governance. Reconsidering it from Marxist and Gramscian perspectives, the book argues that the hegemonic ideology of networks is utopian and rejects the claim that there has been a transformation from ‘government’ to ‘governance.’ 

How Information Matters: Networks and Public Policy Innovation 

By Kathleen Hale 
Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2011 
240 pages. Paperback US $29.95 
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How Information Matters examines the ways a network of state and local governments and nonprofit organizations can enhance the capacity for successful policy change by public administrators. Hale examines drug courts, programs that typify the highly networked, collaborative environment of public administrators today. These "special dockets” implement justice but also drug treatment, case management, drug testing, and incentive programs for non-violent offenders in lieu of jail time. In a study that spans more than two decades, Hale shows ways organizations within the network act to champion, challenge, and support policy innovations over time. Her description of interactions between courts, administrative agencies, and national organizations highlight the evolution of collaborative governance in the state and local arena, with vignettes that share specific experiences across six states (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Missouri, and Tennessee) and ways that they acquired knowledge from the network to make decisions. 

Understanding Nonprofit Organizations: Governance, Leadership, and Management (2nd Edition) 
Edited by J. Steven Ott and Lisa Dicke 
Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2011 
352 pages. Paperback US $45,   31.99 
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Understanding Nonprofit Organizations is a collection of insightful classics and recent articles, chapters, and encyclopedia entries about managing a nonprofit organization in the United States. The anthology examines the distinctiveness of nonprofit organizations through the writing of scholars, consultants, and practicing executives. It focuses on governing, leading, and managing nonprofit organizations and how nonprofit organizations differ from both the public and private sectors. 

Completely revised and updated with twenty new readings, the second edition speaks to the most important concepts that face today’s leaders and managers of nonprofit organizations. Each section includes one or more new contributions from the past decade on topics ranging from governance, legal frameworks, capacity building and strategic planning, fundraising, social entrepreneurship, finance, managing volunteers, and accountability.

The Nature of the Nonprofit Sector (2nd Edition) 
Edited by J. Steven Ott and Lisa Dicke 
Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2011.
448 pages. Paperback US $50,  35.99 
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The Nature of the Nonprofit Sector is a collection of  insightful and influential classics and recent articles, chapters and encyclopedia entries about the nature, place of, and roles of the nonprofit sector in the United States and selected other countries—the sector that sits between the market and government. The book discusses everything from Andrew Carnegie’s turn-of-the-century philosophy of philanthropy to the most recent writings by current scholars and practitioners from a wide variety of perspectives and disciplines. 

The second edition has been thoroughly revised and updated to feature the latest writings on the nonprofit sector, including new essays that analyze its theory, history, and organization, rationales for its tax-exemption status, the blending of the nonprofit and government sectors, the social theories of nonprofit organizations, and theories of giving and philanthropy. Also new to this edition is a final section on the international nonprofit sector. 

The Short Guide to Community Development
By Alison Gilchrist and Marilyn Taylor 
Bristol, UK: Policy Press, 2011.
176 pages. Paperback £ 11.99  
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With the topic of community high on the public agenda, this guide provides an introduction to community development, its origins, and some of the current trends and challenges. The book also explores how community development can be applied in different practice domains to achieve a range of policy objectives. Contents include: what is community development?; the changing context of community development; theoretical concepts; effective and ethical community development- what’s needed?; applying community development in different service areas; challenges for practice; current and future trends. 

New Public Governance, the Third Sector, and Co-Production 
Edited by Victor Pestoff, Taco Brandsen, and Bram Verschuere. 
Florence, KY: Routledge, 2011. 
376 pages. Hardback US $130, £ 75.00.  
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In recent years public management research in a variety of disciplines has paid increasing attention to the role of citizens and the third sector in the provision of public services. Several of these efforts have employed the concept of co-production to better understand and explain this trend. However, the research still lacks a comprehensive theoretical and empirical understanding of what happens when citizens and/or the third sector are drawn into public service provision and of the various aspects of co-production. The concept of co-production spread in recent years to Europe and elsewhere, and is now used by researchers in many parts of the world to analyze citizen participation in the provision of publicly financed services, regardless of the provider. The growth of interest in co-production during the past 10 years provides important insights into—and at the same time poses important challenges—for public management. 

This book addresses the nexus of issues and disciplines interested in co-production, and through them it makes a contribution to the development of the disciplines that focus on public management. Co-production exists at the cross-roads of a number of disciplines - including business administration, policy studies, political science, public management, sociology, and third sector studies, all of which have important perspectives on this topic and all of them are important for the development of public management and public services. The unique presentation of them together in this volume both allows for comparing and contrasting these different perspectives and for potential theoretical collaboration and development. With a Foreword written by Nobel Laureate Elinor Ostrom, New Public Governance, the Third Sector, and Co-Production addresses the nature of co-production and the challenges it faces.

Finance Fundamentals for Nonprofits: Building Capacity and Sustainability 
By Woods Bowman. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2011. 
212 pages. Hardcover  US $60. 
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This book is a complete guide to the financial requirements a nonprofit organization must follow to indefinitely maintain the volume and quality of their services
An organization may have plenty of capacity in the long run, but in the short run, donor restrictions and limited financing options are constraining. Here-and-now liquid assets are the only resources available. Finance Fundamentals for Nonprofits: Building Capacity and Sustainability shows how to measure a nonprofit organization’s financial capacity in different time frames and how to measure its ability to sustain capacity in each case.  The book explains how nonprofits differ from businesses and how they promote values-centered management and reveals how to improve financial capacity and sustainability 
The book is filled with real-world case studies and actionable advice relating financial health to financial capacity and sustainability. Filled with real-world case studies, this user friendly, jargon-free guide uniquely blends business and public service perspectives on nonprofit financial management, providing you with the know-how and confidence you need to establish the financial capacity your nonprofit’s mission requires—and sustaining it over time.

Daan and Other Giving Traditions in India
By Sanjay Agarwal
New Delhi, India: AccountAid India, 2011
245 pages. Hardcover Rs. 500 (U.S. $33, including air mail delivery)
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In a fast-modernizing society, are the old giving traditions doomed to die? Or can these also be modernized and revived, helping fund the financial needs of a vibrant development sector? This question is especially relevant in India where the government is committed to ensuring that ‘foreign money does not dominate social and political discourse.’ Daan and Other Giving Traditions in India, takes a close look at the varied and rich traditions of charity among the orthodox. These traditions are not well understood by the modern society, and sometimes derided as irrelevant. Yet they continue to drive a large proportion of the global charity, providing relief and succor to the needy at a relatively low cost. Such giving, unknown, unsung, undocumented is a fascinating study of how faith can move mountains for gold across continents, often with only a trowel and a handcart.

The book is intended to help Indian NGOs and fund-raisers understand and appreciate the rich indigenous giving traditions, and to learn from the literature and thinking that support these. It is hoped that this will lead them to think about whether, and how, some of these elements can be used in their own search for resources among Indian communities.

Civil Society in Turkey: At a Turning Point

By Ahmet Içduygu, Zeynep Meydanoglu, Deniz S/ Sert Ankara, Turkey: TÜSEV Publications, 2011
183 pages
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Civil society in Turkey is going through a rapid transformation. Civil society’s building blocks, civil society organizations, are emerging as important actors in Turkey’s development and democratization agendas, while increasing in their numbers and impact. This book is part of the CIVICUS Civil Society Index Project and expands the comparative study on civil society in Turkey. This country report examines some key issues related to civil society in Turkey and gives a fresh perspective through the answers it offers. For instance, how are citizens participating in civil society in Turkey? What is civil society’s impact on Turkey’s leading social and political problems? How do the public and private sectors relate to civil society? What has been the effect of the European Union accession process on Turkey’s civil society? Are there any regional differences concerning citizen participation and civil society organizations? What kinds of transitions have been taking place since 2005?

The Social Responsibility & The Arab Civil Society

By Amani Kandil
Cairo, Egypt: Nubar Printing Press, 2010
64 pages
Paperback $10 plus shipping

This is the Arab Network for NGOs 9th annual report about the status of civil society in all Arab countries. The report discusses issues including the increasing importance of social responsibility in the global and regional contexts, the social responsibility of the private sector toward the Arab civil society, and concepts and dimensions of social responsibility. The report covers eleven countries: Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Tunisia, Sudan and the GCC countries (Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, the Sultanate of Oman).

Understanding the Roots of Voluntary Action -- Historical Perspectives on Current Social Policy

Edited by Colin Rochester, George Campbell Gosling, Alison Penn and Meta Zimmeck
Toronto, Canada: Sussex Academic Press, 2011
190 pages
Cost: Paperback £25, US$45

The current debate on the growing role of the voluntary and community or –third-- sector in delivering public and social policy is impoverished by its lack of understanding of the historical events which have shaped the sector and its relationship with the state. This book draws on a range of empirical studies of aspects of the history of voluntary action to illuminate and inform this debate. Chapter contributions range across two centuries and a variety of fields of activity, geographical areas and organisational forms.

Four key themes are addressed:
• The ‘moving frontier’ between the state and voluntary action; the distribution of roles and functions between them; and the nature of their inter-relationship.

• The ‘springs’ of voluntary action – what makes people get involved in voluntary organisations or support them financially.

• Organisational challenges for voluntary agencies, including growth, cleaving to their missions and values, and survival.

• Issues of continuity and change: how and to what extent has the nature of voluntary action and its role in society remained essentially the same despite the changing context?

East Asian Social Movements

Edited by Jeffrey Broadbent and Vicky Brockman
New York: Springer, 2011. 516 pages
Hardback US $169
To order: (ISTR members receive a discount)

In the study of civil society and social movements, most cases are based in Western Europe and North America. These two areas of the world have similar histories and political ideals and structures in common, which in turn affect the structure of its civil society. In studying civil society in Asia, a different understanding of history, politics, and society is needed. The region’s long traditions of centralized, authoritarian states buttressed by Confucian and in some cases Communist ideologies may render this concept irrelevant.

The chapters in this international volume cover most of the areas and countries traditionally defined as belonging to East Asia: Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, Hong Kong, Singapore and China. The case studies included in this volume confront the utility of using the Western concept of civil society, represented in its most active form – social movements – to think about East Asia popular politics. Along with providing an array of important case studies of social movements in East Asia, the introduction, chapters and conclusion in the book take up three major theoretical questions:

• the effect of the East Asian cultural, social and institutional context upon the mobilization, activities and outcomes of social movements in that region
• the role of social movements in larger transformative processes
• utility of Western social movement concepts in explaining social movements in East Asia.

The Future of Nonprofits: Innovate and Thrive in the Digital Age

By David J. Neff and Randal C. Moss
Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, 2011
246 pages
Hardback US $45
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Ever heard of an internal entrepreneur? You might know the type. They’re kind of employee who pushes mercilessly towards the trends of the future. Often looked at as a little bit outside the mainstream, more often than not the decisions this internal entrepreneur makes on behalf of an organization pay off in spades.

So what makes an internal entrepreneur? How can you, as a nonprofit, create a culture that rewards futuring, internal entrepreneurs and innovation and doesn’t shut it down?
The book helps organizations do those very things. Better predicting future trends helps to reshape culture, creating the kind of environment ripe for positive growth in this fast changing world we work in today.

The Future of Nonprofits helps organizations capitalize on internal innovation. Innovative nonprofits are able to better predict future trends to remake and reshape their culture, structure, and staff to be a more nimble and lean. By applying the strategies laid out in this book, nonprofit professionals of all levels can prepare their organizations to take advantage of future trends and develop innovative "internal entrepreneurs” that will grow revenue and drive their mission.

• Provides nonprofits with a comprehensive playbook on how to create a new, more flexible, innovative organization
• Provides nonprofits a look at the future of fundraising and communications trends into 2016
• Case studies highlight successes and failures
• Highlights the power and strength of Social Media
• Highlights how to hire, train, manage and inspire "internal entrepreneurial” employees
• Features actionable advice on creating an organization that is primed to grow and thrive in the immediate and long-term future

The book reveals how every nonprofit can put technology, innovation and future trends to work to reach their mission and grow revenue.

High Ideals and Noble Intentions
By Peter R. Elson
Toronto, Ontario, Canada: University of Toronto Press, 2011 224 Pages
Hardback US $55, Paperback US $24.95
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The relationships between governments and the voluntary sector in Canada are long-standing and complex. Beginning with an historical overview of developments in voluntary sector-government relations from 1600 to 1930, High Ideals and Noble Intentions goes on to explore more recent events and to bring present day policy and practice into focus.

The book examines critical historical events in the relationship between the federal government and the voluntary sector which continue to exert their influence. He demonstrates through in-depth case studies that these events are critical to understanding contemporary voluntary sector-government relations. Elson explores the impact of the regulation of charities based on amendments to the 1930 Income War Tax Act; the shift from citizen-based program funding to service-based contract funding in the mid-1990s; and advocacy regulation changes in the 1980s. Elson’s case is strengthened by an important and timely comparison between voluntary sector and central government relations in Canada and England.

Governance and Regulation in the Third Sector, International Perspectives

Edited by Susan D. Phillips and Steven Rathgeb Smith.
New York: Routledge, 2011. 285 pages. Hardcover US $110.
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Governance and Regulation in the Third Sector brings together scholars and experienced practitioners from different countries to investigate the relationship between regulation and relational governance for the third sector in a comparative context. Each chapter reviews recent regulatory changes in the country in question. To what extent are there significant convergences in these reforms and what are the implications for the third sector? Is there any evidence that the foundational architecture for a more collaborative relationship between the state and the third sector has been laid?

Overall, the book reveals that the reality of the supposedly new collaborative relationships and the impacts of regulatory reform are quite different from what contemporary theories of public management would have us believe. Recognizing the gap between theory and reality, the chapters explore some of the outstanding challenges for regulatory reform for the third sector.


20th Anniversary Book Released: Third Sector Research
Edited by Rupert Taylor.
New York, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London: Springer, 2010.
342 pages. Cost: Hardback US $169.
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To mark the 20th Anniversary of Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, Rupert Taylor, the journal editor, has compiled a comprehensive overview of contemporary debates in third sector scholarship.  The book is comprised of all original research by leaders in the field.  We are pleased to note that the book has been published in cooperation with the International Society for Third Sector Research. 

The book is divided into four areas: 1) conceptual (how do we define this sector, civil society, social capital, etc., and why); 2) developments in research over the past twenty years (from normative to empirical to beyond); 3) state of the art chapters about the basic research areas (volunteering, voluntary organizations, relationship with the market and the state, etc.); and 4) up to date overview of more practical and management oriented issues such as governance, partnerships and marketing.

This work offers a critical review of the central and innovative themes that have come to form the core of third sector debate and research with an international focus. 

This is the first global compendium of third sector research, the contributions to this work provide an international, multi-disciplinary, and state of the art overview of the field.  The contributions not only examine and review the existing scholarship, but introduce new perspectives and thinking on the third sector – especially in terms of future implications around the world. 

"Rupert Taylor and his associates have provided an enlightened and vigorous view of the third sector and its research.  This is a volume whose time has come after several decades of research in the US and other nations.  The authors demonstrate that research on the third sector of society has illuminated the complex diversity of organization and relations with governments and business.  The research has moved from institutions within nation-states to global movements, from empirical research and theory to the need for normative theory.  This book is ground-breaking and will set the state for research in the decades to come.”   -- Virginia Hodgkinson, Adjunct Professor, Public Policy Institute, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.

Giving Korea 2009: Corporate Giving of Korea 2009
By Dong-woo Han and Sang-gyung Jun. Korea:
The Center on Philanthropy at the Beautiful Foundation, 2010
114 pages. Paperback Won 10,000/ US$9.00.
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This book is an overview of a research project on corporate giving focused on the relationship between corporate giving

and the worldwide economic crisis that began in 2007. The Beautiful Foundation had sought a new strategy for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) to accommodate a tumultuous business environment. The philanthropic activities of South Korean companies, which had witnessed a steady growth until 2007, were somewhat affected by the economic downturn and remained focused within a limited range of areas of concern. This book contains two chapters, Corporate Giving in South Korean: An Analysis of 2009 Survey Results and Corporate Giving Trends in a Deteriorating Business Environment. It also contains a Corporate Social Responsibility Survey Questionnaire.



NGO Management, The Earthscan Companion
Edited By Alan Fowler and Chiku Malunga
London, UK: Earthscan Publications, 2010. 456 pages
Hardback US $135, Paperback US $39.95
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The task environment of NGOs is changing rapidly and significantly, making new demands on their management and leadership. This Companion discusses the complexities involved. It illustrates how NGOs can maintain performance and remain agile amidst increasing uncertainties. These factors include the position of NGOs in civil society, their involvement in governance and coping with the effects of the securitisation of international aid.

Complementing The Earthscan Reader in NGO Management, selected contributions and specially commissioned pieces from NGO thought-leaders and practitioners, provide the reader with insights on the emerging thinking, competences and practices needed for success in managing and leading tomorrow’s NGOs.


The Politics of Collective Advocacy in India, Tools and Traps

By Nandini Deo and Duncan McDuie-Ra
Sterling, Virginia: Kumarian Press, 2011. 220 pages
Hardback US $75; Paperback US $24.95, Ebook US $19.99
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India’s vibrant civil society sector has become a powerful symbol of political participation in the country. It comprises a wealth of media organizations, caste and religion based associations, farmers groups, labor unions, social service organizations, and an almost limitless number of development organizations. Given this vibrancy, it is difficult to grasp the characteristics of civil society at the transnational or even the national level. Delving beneath the progressive surface to the local level, one finds a murky and multifaceted world of competing interests, compromises, uneasy alliances and erratic victories.

The Politics of Collective Advocacy in India critically examines the enormous gap between the ways collective action in India is studied and the ways it operates "on the ground.” It identifies what influences the relative success or failure of different movements; the tools activists use to overcome obstacles; the traps that derail efforts to frame, politicize, and act on certain issues and assumptions about particular forms of action. The authors synthesize the experiences of a number of organizations and movements to identify the most effective tools that civil society actors at all levels can use to achieve positive social change.

Give Smart: Philanthropy that Gets Results
By Thomas J. Tierney and Joel L. Fleishman
Jackson, TN: Public Affairs, 2011
272 pages. Hardcover US $23.99
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Despite tremendous innovation in the social sector, philanthropy’s natural state is under-performance. In order for donors and foundations to unlock fully the potential of their philanthropy, generosity must be accompanied by a rigorous consideration of what they hope to accomplish: the results that will define success, what it will take to achieve them, and how those results will get better over time.

In Give Smart, Thomas Tierney and Duke Professor Joel L. Fleishman create a primer for philanthropists and the nonprofit organizations they support. Drawing from personal experiences, research spanning twentieth- and twenty-first-century philanthropy, contemporary interviews, and Bridgespan’s extensive field work, Give Smart encourages donors and grantmakers to pursue a process of inquiry around six questions:

• What are my values and beliefs?
• What is "success” and how can it be achieved?
• What am I accountable for?
• What will it take to get the job done?
• How do I work with grantees?
• Am I getting better?

Taken together, these questions create an approach for donors and nonprofit leaders who want to effect real change.


Inside the Everyday Lives of Development Workers: The Challenges and Futures of Aidland
Edited By Anne-Meike Fechter and Heather Hindman
Sterling, Virginia: Kumarian Press, 2011
240 pages. Hardback US $75, Paperback US $24.95
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Much and warranted attention is paid to the lives of aid recipients – their household lives, saving habits, gender relations, etc. It’s held that a key to measuring the effectiveness of aid is contained in such details. Rarely, however, is the lens turned on the lives of aid workers themselves. Yet the seemingly impersonal network of agencies and donors that formulate and implement policy are composed of real people with complex motivations and experiences that might also provide important lessons about development’s failures and successes.

Hindman and Fechter break new ground by illuminating the social and cultural world of the aid agency, a world that is neglected in most discussions of aid policy. They examine how aid workers’ moral beliefs interlink and conflict with their initial motivations, how they relate to aid beneficiaries, their local NGO counterparts, and other aid workers, their views on race and sexuality, the effect of transient lifestyles and insider language, and the security and family issues that come with choosing such a career. Ultimately, they arrive at a more comprehensive understanding of development processes that acknowledges a rich web of relationships at all levels of the system.


Global Institutional Philanthropy: A Preliminary Status Report
By Paula D. Johnson. Worldwide Initiatives for Grantmaker Support (WINGS) and
TPI’s Center for Global Philanthropy, 2010
56 pages.
Free online: _global_institutional_philanthropy.cfm

The study explores the breadth and depth of global philanthropy in two parts. Part One examines regional trends, commonalities and diversity in six different regions of the world: Sub-Saharan Africa, the Arab Region, Asia Pacific, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and North America. Part Two profiles institutional giving in 24 countries and the Arab region, providing a wealth of instructive insights, observations, reflections, and quantitative information. Paula D. Johnson, Director of TPI’s Center for Global Philanthropy was the study director and author.

The report illuminates how philanthropy is shaped by religious and cultural beliefs and practices, changing political powers, economic courses, patterns of migration and immigration, as well as occasionally strong international influences. In addition to examining regional variations and the state of philanthropy in 24 different countries, the study identifies significant knowledge and data gaps. It is the hope that future research, repeated surveys and regularly published reports will help to fill these gaps and provide an increasingly comprehensive and valuable analysis of philanthropy as it is practiced around the world.


2011 Edition of the Yearbook of Catalan Social Third Sector --
has been published. An analysis of new trends and challenges:

The 2011 Yearbook of Social Third Sector (Anuari del Tercer Sector Social de Catalunya del 2011) is research which shows the evolution of Catalan non-profit organisations working on social issues. This research follows the path pioneered by the White Book of the Civic-Social Third Sector (Llibre Blanc del Tercer Sector Cívico-Social) in 2003, and it aims to present the situation of the sector from an evolutionary approach. It is research about the third sector, done by the third sector itself, and it helps to focus on the main lines of action for the next years. It contributes to the internal cohesion and consolidates the identity of the social third sector in Catalonia (Spain).

The last edition (2009) presented research that identified this sector last year’s growth. The 2011 edition is based on a qualitative approach, and it leads us to a deeper understanding and a more accurate interpretation of the current situation and the work of social organizations. This qualitative information has been provided by more than 200 practitioners of the sector and it reflects the internal vision of the stakeholders involved. It shows a vision shared by the organisations, but it also respects the specificities of the subsectors.

This study provides information about new trends in social third sector, and about the main changes this sector is experiencing. This research has coincided with significant changes in the global context, which is highly influenced by the economic crisis. This allowed us to study how the environment causes change on the organisations and how to face them, providing an analysis that can be useful for organisations in other regions. We have identified the main challenges that the social third sector has to face nowadays. The identification of these challenges are significant as it establishes the main guidelines to solve current difficulties and anticipate future situations, whereas it helps improving the activity of the social third sector.

Organisational challenges

• Strengthen the financial and economical structure of the organisations
• Incorporate management criteria to improve the efficacy and the efficiency of the organisations
• Measure the impact and show the added value of the sector to the society
• Promote a culture of transparency and accountability
Challenges related to the management of people
• Increase the involvement and the commitment of the members to the mission and the values of the organisation
• Incorporate new profiles regarding volunteering
• Improve the way boards work
• Offer professional appealing opportunities
• Develop a specific framework for labour relationships in the Social Third Sector
Relational challenges
• Promote the collaboration between third sector organisations
• Consolidate second and third level organisations
• Get closer relations with the public sector, based on trust
• Build new bridges with private companies
• Contextual challenges related to the present crisis
• Prioritize and choose the main fields of action in accordance with the mission and the values of the organisations
• Face up limited resources and financial difficulties
• Strengthen the networking between third sector organisations
• Make greater efforts to show new social needs through advocacy actions

The 2011 Yearbook of Social Third Sector is the result of a collaboration between two institutions: the Taula d’Entitats del Tercer Sector Social (a third degree organization composed of 29 federations representing a total of 3000 social NPOs in Catalonia) and the Observatori del Tercer Sector (an independent research centre specialized in the study of the third sector).



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