BOOK NOTES - 2011 2010 - 2009 - 2008
Advocacy Across Borders: NGOs, Anti-Sweatshop Activism and the Global Garment Industry
By Shae Garwood. Sterling, VA: Kumarian Press, 2011.
235 pages. Hardback US $75, Paperback US $24.95.
To order: www.kpbooks.com
The clothing and textile industry employs nearly 30 million people worldwide, mostly in Asia and Central America. Workers frequently face long hours, inadequate wages, harassment and abuse. While some resist such conditions by joining labor unions, many are prevented from doing so or find it difficult to adjust to transitory manufacturers. Because of these challenges, garment workers have reached out to allies across political borders in order to apply more pressure on garment manufacturers.
The transnational anti-sweatshop network is at a critical stage in its development and is due for serious analysis. Advocacy Across Borders reveals the relationships that Northern-based NGOs forge in order to exert influence on powerful actors in the industry. An exhaustive dissection of the strategies of many organizations involved in this extensive network, Garwood’s study points the way forward for civil society actors reaching across borders to advocate for a better world.
Public Policy in the Community (2nd Edition)
By Marilyn Taylor. Hampshire, England: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.
376 pages. Hardback £ 65.00; Paperback £24.99.
To order: www.palgrave.com
The idea of community involvement and empowerment has become central to politics in recent years. Governments, keen to reduce public spending and increase civic involvement, believe active communities are essential for tackling a range of social, economic and political challenges, such as crime, sustainable development, and the provision of care.
Public Policy in the Community examines the way that community and the ideas associated with it – civil society, social capital, mutuality, networks – have been understood and applied from the 1960s to the present day. Marilyn Taylor examines the issues involved in putting the community at the heart of policy making, and considers the political and social implications of such a practice. Drawing on a wide range of relevant examples from around the world, the book considers the success of existing approaches and the prospects for further developments. Thoroughly updated to reflect advances in research and practice, the new edition of this important text gives a state-of-the-art assessment of the place of community in public policy.
Philanthropy in America: A History
By Olivier Zunz
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012. 396 pages.
Cloth US $29.95, £20.95.
To order: http://press.princeton.edu.
American philanthropy today expands knowledge, champions social movements, defines active citizenship, influences policymaking, and addresses humanitarian crises. How did philanthropy become such a powerful and integral force in American society? Philanthropy in America explores in depth the twentieth-century growth of this unique phenomenon. Ranging from the influential large-scale foundations established by tycoons such as John D. Rockefeller, Sr., and the mass mobilization of small donors by the Red Cross and March of Dimes, to the recent social advocacy of individuals like Bill Gates and George Soros, Olivier Zunz chronicles the tight connections between private giving and public affairs, and shows how this union has enlarged democracy and shaped history.
Zunz looks at the ways in which American philanthropy emerged not as charity work, but as an open and sometimes controversial means to foster independent investigation, problem solving, and the greater good. Andrew Carnegie supported science research and higher education, catapulting these fields to a prominent position on the world stage. In the 1950s, Howard Pew deliberately funded the young Billy Graham to counter liberal philanthropies, prefiguring the culture wars and increased philanthropic support for religious causes. And in the 1960s, the Ford Foundation supported civil rights through education, voter registration drives, and community action programs. Zunz argues that American giving allowed the country to export its ideals abroad after World War II, and he examines the federal tax policies that unified the diverse nonprofit sector.
The Community Development Reader: History, Themes and Issues
Edited by Gary Craig, Marjorie Mayo, Keith Popple, Mae Shaw, and Marilyn Taylor
Bristol, UK: Policy Press, 2011. 360 pages.
Hard Back £70.00, Paperback £28.99.
To order: www.policypress.co.uk
Community development emerged as a recognisable occupational activity in the United Kingdom in the 1950s. Since then, whilst struggling to remain true to its basic values it has often been manipulated to serve differing policy and political purposes. This Reader traces its changing fortunes through a selection of readings from key writers.
Challenging Governance Theory: From Networks to Hegemony
By Jonathan S. Davies
Theories heralding the rise of network governance have dominated for a generation. Yet, empirical research suggests that claims for the transformative potential of networks are exaggerated. This book takes a critical look at contemporary governance theory, elaborating a Gramscian alternative. It argues that although the ideology of networks has been a vital element in the neoliberal hegemonic project, there are major structural impediments to accomplishing it. While networking remains important, the hierarchical and coercive state is vital for the maintenance of social order and integral to the institutions of contemporary governance. Reconsidering it from Marxist and Gramscian perspectives, the book argues that the hegemonic ideology of networks is utopian and rejects the claim that there has been a transformation from ‘government’ to ‘governance.’
How Information Matters: Networks and Public Policy Innovation
By Kathleen Hale
How Information Matters examines the ways a network of state and local governments and nonprofit organizations can enhance the capacity for successful policy change by public administrators. Hale examines drug courts, programs that typify the highly networked, collaborative environment of public administrators today. These "special dockets” implement justice but also drug treatment, case management, drug testing, and incentive programs for non-violent offenders in lieu of jail time. In a study that spans more than two decades, Hale shows ways organizations within the network act to champion, challenge, and support policy innovations over time. Her description of interactions between courts, administrative agencies, and national organizations highlight the evolution of collaborative governance in the state and local arena, with vignettes that share specific experiences across six states (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Missouri, and Tennessee) and ways that they acquired knowledge from the network to make decisions.
Understanding Nonprofit Organizations: Governance, Leadership, and Management (2nd Edition)
Understanding Nonprofit Organizations is a collection of insightful classics and recent articles, chapters, and encyclopedia entries about managing a nonprofit organization in the United States. The anthology examines the distinctiveness of nonprofit organizations through the writing of scholars, consultants, and practicing executives. It focuses on governing, leading, and managing nonprofit organizations and how nonprofit organizations differ from both the public and private sectors.
Completely revised and updated with twenty new readings, the second edition speaks to the most important concepts that face today’s leaders and managers of nonprofit organizations. Each section includes one or more new contributions from the past decade on topics ranging from governance, legal frameworks, capacity building and strategic planning, fundraising, social entrepreneurship, finance, managing volunteers, and accountability.
The Nature of the Nonprofit Sector (2nd Edition)
The Nature of the Nonprofit Sector is a collection of insightful and influential classics and recent articles, chapters and encyclopedia entries about the nature, place of, and roles of the nonprofit sector in the United States and selected other countries—the sector that sits between the market and government. The book discusses everything from Andrew Carnegie’s turn-of-the-century philosophy of philanthropy to the most recent writings by current scholars and practitioners from a wide variety of perspectives and disciplines.
The second edition has been thoroughly revised and updated to feature the latest writings on the nonprofit sector, including new essays that analyze its theory, history, and organization, rationales for its tax-exemption status, the blending of the nonprofit and government sectors, the social theories of nonprofit organizations, and theories of giving and philanthropy. Also new to this edition is a final section on the international nonprofit sector.
The Short Guide to Community Development
With the topic of community high on the public agenda, this guide provides an introduction to community development, its origins, and some of the current trends and challenges. The book also explores how community development can be applied in different practice domains to achieve a range of policy objectives. Contents include: what is community development?; the changing context of community development; theoretical concepts; effective and ethical community development- what’s needed?; applying community development in different service areas; challenges for practice; current and future trends.
New Public Governance, the Third Sector, and Co-Production
Edited by Victor Pestoff, Taco Brandsen, and Bram Verschuere.
Florence, KY: Routledge, 2011.
376 pages. Hardback US $130, £ 75.00.
To order: www.routledge.com
In recent years public management research in a variety of disciplines has paid increasing attention to the role of citizens and the third sector in the provision of public services. Several of these efforts have employed the concept of co-production to better understand and explain this trend. However, the research still lacks a comprehensive theoretical and empirical understanding of what happens when citizens and/or the third sector are drawn into public service provision and of the various aspects of co-production. The concept of co-production spread in recent years to Europe and elsewhere, and is now used by researchers in many parts of the world to analyze citizen participation in the provision of publicly financed services, regardless of the provider. The growth of interest in co-production during the past 10 years provides important insights into—and at the same time poses important challenges—for public management.
This book addresses the nexus of issues and disciplines interested in co-production, and through them it makes a contribution to the development of the disciplines that focus on public management. Co-production exists at the cross-roads of a number of disciplines - including business administration, policy studies, political science, public management, sociology, and third sector studies, all of which have important perspectives on this topic and all of them are important for the development of public management and public services. The unique presentation of them together in this volume both allows for comparing and contrasting these different perspectives and for potential theoretical collaboration and development. With a Foreword written by Nobel Laureate Elinor Ostrom, New Public Governance, the Third Sector, and Co-Production addresses the nature of co-production and the challenges it faces.
Finance Fundamentals for Nonprofits: Building Capacity and Sustainability
By Woods Bowman. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2011.
212 pages. Hardcover US $60.
To order: http://www.wiley.com
This book is a complete guide to the financial requirements a nonprofit organization must follow to indefinitely maintain the volume and quality of their services
An organization may have plenty of capacity in the long run, but in the short run, donor restrictions and limited financing options are constraining. Here-and-now liquid assets are the only resources available. Finance Fundamentals for Nonprofits: Building Capacity and Sustainability shows how to measure a nonprofit organization’s financial capacity in different time frames and how to measure its ability to sustain capacity in each case. The book explains how nonprofits differ from businesses and how they promote values-centered management and reveals how to improve financial capacity and sustainability
The book is filled with real-world case studies and actionable advice relating financial health to financial capacity and sustainability. Filled with real-world case studies, this user friendly, jargon-free guide uniquely blends business and public service perspectives on nonprofit financial management, providing you with the know-how and confidence you need to establish the financial capacity your nonprofit’s mission requires—and sustaining it over time.
Daan and Other Giving Traditions in India
In a fast-modernizing society, are the old giving traditions doomed to die? Or can these also be modernized and revived, helping fund the financial needs of a vibrant development sector? This question is especially relevant in India where the government is committed to ensuring that ‘foreign money does not dominate social and political discourse.’ Daan and Other Giving Traditions in India, takes a close look at the varied and rich traditions of charity among the orthodox. These traditions are not well understood by the modern society, and sometimes derided as irrelevant. Yet they continue to drive a large proportion of the global charity, providing relief and succor to the needy at a relatively low cost. Such giving, unknown, unsung, undocumented is a fascinating study of how faith can move mountains for gold across continents, often with only a trowel and a handcart.
Civil society in Turkey is going through a rapid transformation. Civil society’s building blocks, civil society organizations, are emerging as important actors in Turkey’s development and democratization agendas, while increasing in their numbers and impact. This book is part of the CIVICUS Civil Society Index Project and expands the comparative study on civil society in Turkey. This country report examines some key issues related to civil society in Turkey and gives a fresh perspective through the answers it offers. For instance, how are citizens participating in civil society in Turkey? What is civil society’s impact on Turkey’s leading social and political problems? How do the public and private sectors relate to civil society? What has been the effect of the European Union accession process on Turkey’s civil society? Are there any regional differences concerning citizen participation and civil society organizations? What kinds of transitions have been taking place since 2005?
This is the Arab Network for NGOs 9th annual report about the status of civil society in all Arab countries. The report discusses issues including the increasing importance of social responsibility in the global and regional contexts, the social responsibility of the private sector toward the Arab civil society, and concepts and dimensions of social responsibility. The report covers eleven countries: Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Tunisia, Sudan and the GCC countries (Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, the Sultanate of Oman).
The current debate on the growing role of the voluntary and community or –third-- sector in delivering public and social policy is impoverished by its lack of understanding of the historical events which have shaped the sector and its relationship with the state. This book draws on a range of empirical studies of aspects of the history of voluntary action to illuminate and inform this debate. Chapter contributions range across two centuries and a variety of fields of activity, geographical areas and organisational forms.
Four key themes are addressed:
• The ‘springs’ of voluntary action – what makes people get involved in voluntary organisations or support them financially.
• Organisational challenges for voluntary agencies, including growth, cleaving to their missions and values, and survival.
• Issues of continuity and change: how and to what extent has the nature of voluntary action and its role in society remained essentially the same despite the changing context?
In the study of civil society and social movements, most cases are based in Western Europe and North America. These two areas of the world have similar histories and political ideals and structures in common, which in turn affect the structure of its civil society. In studying civil society in Asia, a different understanding of history, politics, and society is needed. The region’s long traditions of centralized, authoritarian states buttressed by Confucian and in some cases Communist ideologies may render this concept irrelevant.
Ever heard of an internal entrepreneur? You might know the type. They’re kind of employee who pushes mercilessly towards the trends of the future. Often looked at as a little bit outside the mainstream, more often than not the decisions this internal entrepreneur makes on behalf of an organization pay off in spades.
The relationships between governments and the voluntary sector in Canada are long-standing and complex. Beginning with an historical overview of developments in voluntary sector-government relations from 1600 to 1930, High Ideals and Noble Intentions goes on to explore more recent events and to bring present day policy and practice into focus.
Governance and Regulation in the Third Sector brings together scholars and experienced practitioners from different countries to investigate the relationship between regulation and relational governance for the third sector in a comparative context. Each chapter reviews recent regulatory changes in the country in question. To what extent are there significant convergences in these reforms and what are the implications for the third sector? Is there any evidence that the foundational architecture for a more collaborative relationship between the state and the third sector has been laid?
20th Anniversary Book Released: Third Sector Research
To mark the 20th Anniversary of Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, Rupert Taylor, the journal editor, has compiled a comprehensive overview of contemporary debates in third sector scholarship. The book is comprised of all original research by leaders in the field. We are pleased to note that the book has been published in cooperation with the International Society for Third Sector Research.
The book is divided into four areas: 1) conceptual (how do we define this sector, civil society, social capital, etc., and why); 2) developments in research over the past twenty years (from normative to empirical to beyond); 3) state of the art chapters about the basic research areas (volunteering, voluntary organizations, relationship with the market and the state, etc.); and 4) up to date overview of more practical and management oriented issues such as governance, partnerships and marketing.
This work offers a critical review of the central and innovative themes that have come to form the core of third sector debate and research with an international focus.
This is the first global compendium of third sector research, the contributions to this work provide an international, multi-disciplinary, and state of the art overview of the field. The contributions not only examine and review the existing scholarship, but introduce new perspectives and thinking on the third sector – especially in terms of future implications around the world.
"Rupert Taylor and his associates have provided an enlightened and vigorous view of the third sector and its research. This is a volume whose time has come after several decades of research in the US and other nations. The authors demonstrate that research on the third sector of society has illuminated the complex diversity of organization and relations with governments and business. The research has moved from institutions within nation-states to global movements, from empirical research and theory to the need for normative theory. This book is ground-breaking and will set the state for research in the decades to come.” -- Virginia Hodgkinson, Adjunct Professor, Public Policy Institute, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.
Giving Korea 2009: Corporate Giving of Korea 2009
This book is an overview of a research project on corporate giving focused on the relationship between corporate giving
and the worldwide economic crisis that began in 2007. The Beautiful Foundation had sought a new strategy for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) to accommodate a tumultuous business environment. The philanthropic activities of South Korean companies, which had witnessed a steady growth until 2007, were somewhat affected by the economic downturn and remained focused within a limited range of areas of concern. This book contains two chapters, Corporate Giving in South Korean: An Analysis of 2009 Survey Results and Corporate Giving Trends in a Deteriorating Business Environment. It also contains a Corporate Social Responsibility Survey Questionnaire.
NGO Management, The Earthscan Companion
Give Smart: Philanthropy that Gets Results
Despite tremendous innovation in the social sector, philanthropy’s natural state is under-performance. In order for donors and foundations to unlock fully the potential of their philanthropy, generosity must be accompanied by a rigorous consideration of what they hope to accomplish: the results that will define success, what it will take to achieve them, and how those results will get better over time.
Inside the Everyday Lives of Development Workers: The Challenges and Futures of Aidland
Global Institutional Philanthropy: A Preliminary Status Report
The study explores the breadth and depth of global philanthropy in two parts. Part One examines regional trends, commonalities and diversity in six different regions of the world: Sub-Saharan Africa, the Arab Region, Asia Pacific, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and North America. Part Two profiles institutional giving in 24 countries and the Arab region, providing a wealth of instructive insights, observations, reflections, and quantitative information. Paula D. Johnson, Director of TPI’s Center for Global Philanthropy was the study director and author.
2011 Edition of the Yearbook of Catalan Social Third Sector --
The 2011 Yearbook of Social Third Sector (Anuari del Tercer Sector Social de Catalunya del 2011) is research which shows the evolution of Catalan non-profit organisations working on social issues. This research follows the path pioneered by the White Book of the Civic-Social Third Sector (Llibre Blanc del Tercer Sector Cívico-Social) in 2003, and it aims to present the situation of the sector from an evolutionary approach. It is research about the third sector, done by the third sector itself, and it helps to focus on the main lines of action for the next years. It contributes to the internal cohesion and consolidates the identity of the social third sector in Catalonia (Spain).
The 2011 Yearbook of Social Third Sector is the result of a collaboration between two institutions: the Taula d’Entitats del Tercer Sector Social (a third degree organization composed of 29 federations representing a total of 3000 social NPOs in Catalonia) and the Observatori del Tercer Sector (an independent research centre specialized in the study of the third sector).