Book Notes 2013
Lessons for Social Change in the Global Economy: Voices from the Field.
Edited by Shae Garwood, Sky Croeser, and Christalla Yakinthou.
Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books, 2013. 206 Pages.
Cost: Hardback US $80/ £49.95; E-book US $79.99/£49.95. To order:

In the face of globalization massive social and economic transformations and the resulting persistent inequality, activists, labor organizers, and advocacy NGOs are seeking and creating change beyond the confines of formal state politics and across national borders. Given the breadth of local issues activists face, the ways they define the problem and seek redress vary widely. This book provides a unique perspective on these efforts, gathering into one volume concrete examples of the implementation of different strategies for social change that highlight the challenges involved. This provides useful lessons for those involved in social change, as well as for those studying it. Contributors to the volume are scholars and practitioners around the world, and they draw on strong connections with people working in the field to improve working conditions and environmental standards of global production systems. This allows readers to develop a more comprehensive and grounded understanding of strategies for social change.

This book maintains a strong balance between breadth and specificity. It provides an overview of the themes of social change, which contextualizes and draws common threads from the chapters grounded in specific geographic locations and political spaces of change. The chapters analyze environmental and social problems and the varying degrees of success activists have had in regulating industries, containing environmental hazards, and/or harnessing aspects of an industry for positive social and economic change. Contributors draw upon different ways of creating change, which include corporate social responsibility schemes, fair trade regimes, and community radio. By providing insight into the potential and limitations of actions taken at different levels, the book encourages a critical perspective on efforts for social change, grounded in an understanding of how conditions around the world can affect these activities.

Representations of Global Poverty: Aid, Development and International NGOs.

By Nandita Dogra. London, UK: I.B.Tauris, 2013. 256 Pages.
Cost: UK £19.99, Hardback 2012 UK £54.50.
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Through the efforts of increasingly media-aware NGOs, people in rich nations are bombarded with images of poverty and suffering. In a highly unequal and fragmented world, international NGOs play a significant role in fostering global connections through their public messages. Yet, this media role of NGOs remains under-researched. Representations of Global Poverty is the first comprehensive study of the communications and imagery used by international NGOs to portray poverty in the global South. The book examines a full cycle of representation ñ integrating analyses of the public messages of international development NGOs in the UK with the views of their staff and audiences. It presents a detailed empirical review of the fundraising and advocacy campaigns of international NGOs such as Oxfam, Save the Children, World Vision, ActionAid, Plan and Christian Aid, and utilizes an original postcolonial analytical framework to better understand and evaluate these public messages. Exploring NGO messages across the discourses of charity, justice, humanism, cosmopolitanism and Eurocentrism, it argues for a greater acknowledgment of NGOs as significant mediating institutions which can expand understandings of global inequalities and their historical causation. The book provides new insights into the management of NGOs, discursive constructions of global poverty, international aid and development, and the politics of representation.

Nonprofits in Crisis: Economic Development, Risk, and the Philanthropic Kuznets Curve.

By Nuno S. Themudo.
Bloomington, Indiana, USA: Indiana University Press, 2013.
224 Pages. Cost: Cloth US $40.00, Ebook US $34.99.
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Why do some countries have a vibrant nonprofit sector while others do not? Nonprofits in Crisis explores the theory of risk as a major mechanism through which economic development influences the nonprofit sector. Nuno S. Themudo elaborates this idea by focusing on Mexican nonprofit organizations, which operate and strive to survive in a risky environment. The study of these nonprofits generates broader lessons about philanthropy and the nonprofit sector that complement wider cross-national statistical analysis.

Catalysts for Change.
By Maria Martinez-Cosion and Mirle Rabinowitz Bussell.
Oxford, UK: Routledge, 2013. 192 pages.
Cost: Hardback US $170, Paperback US $47.
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21st Century Philanthropy and Community fills a gap in the literature on philanthropic organizations and how they intertwine with community development. Drawing first on the history of philanthropic funding, Maria Martinez-Cosio and Mirle Bussell look at developments in the last twenty years in detail, focussing on five key case studies from across America. The authors use their own first hand experiences and research to forge a new path for academic research in an area where it has been lacking. With the current economic climate forcing shrewd spending, foundations need all the guidance they can find on how to appropriately channel their funds in the best way. But how can these sorts of community projects be analyzed for effectiveness? Is there a quantitative rather than qualitative element which can be studied to give real feedback to those investing in projects? Arguing against a one-size-fits-all model, the authors illustrate the importance of context and relationships in the success of these projects.

Civic Agency in Africa: Arts of Resistance in the 21st Century.
Edited by Ebenezer Obadare and Wendy Willems.
Suffolk, UK: James Currey, 2014. 256 pages.
Cost: US $80. To order:


The recent eruption of popular protests across North Africa and the Middle East has reopened academic debate on the meaning and strategies of resistance in the 21st century. This book argues that Western notions of state and civil society provide only a limited understanding of how power and resistance operate in the African context, where informality is central to the way both state officials and citizens exercise agency. With the principle of informality as a template, the chapters in this volume collectively examine the various modes - organized and unorganized, formal and informal, urban and rural, embodied and discursive, serious and ludic, online and offline, successful and failing - through which Africans contend with power. Resistance takes place against the backdrop of deep fractures in state sovereignty, the remnants of colonial rule and the constraints of a global, neoliberal economic system.


Philanthropy and Education: Strategies for Impact.
Edited by Ekkehard Thmler, Nicole Bgelein, Annelie Beller, and Helmut Anheier. Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillian, 2014. 288 Pages. Cost: £65. To order:

The reform of public schools is high on the public agenda in Europe as well as North America. Philanthropic foundations play an increasingly important role in attempts to enhance the performance of the system. However, the degree to which their ambitious aspirations are actually realized is often very low. This book addresses the question of how philanthropic actors can make a more effective, beneficial and responsible contribution to the field of public education. It develops an innovative model of effective education philanthropy and uncovers strategies to successfully tackle problems in this complex domain.

Presenting the findings of the international research project ëStrategies for Impact in Education, the results are based on six case studies from Germany, Switzerland and the United States, informed by institutional theory and drawing on state-of-the-art research in sociology, psychology and pedagogy.

ECO-WISE - Social Enterprises as Sustainable Actors: Concepts, Performances, Impacts. Edited by Maria Anastasiadis. Bremen, Germany: EHV/Academic Press, 2013. Cost: 39.30. To order:

The intention of this book is to deliver an overview of concepts, performances and impacts of ECO-WISE (ecologically oriented work-integration social enterprises) and other social enterprises that have environmental interests in addition to their socio-economic goals. Over the last few years, they have been discovered as a strategic reserve to strengthen the environmental, social and economic pillars of society. They are seen as examples of best practices that achieve the general objectives of the global sustainable development strategy. These organisations, however, have only been marginally investigated; their experience in balancing economic, social and environmental goals has largely remained unnoticed. A group of international experts from a variety of disciplines took up the challenge to contribute to this compilation, drawing on their own national and cultural experiences, as well as different theoretical and methodological paradigms to underline and discuss their contribution to sustainable development. This compilation of articles is not exhaustive. It should rather be understood as one of the first cohesive sets of articles that together illustrate the world of ECO-WISE and similar organisations, with the hope that this will trigger discourse that further reveals the experiences and potential of social enterprises as sustainable actors.

Building for the Arts: The Strategic Design of Cultural Facilities.

By Peter Frumkin and Ana Kolendo.
Chicago, Illinois: The University of Chicago Press, 2014. 288 Pages.
Cost: Hardback US $45. To order:


Over the past two decades, the arts in America have experienced an unprecedented building boom, with more than sixteen billion dollars directed to the building, expansion, and renovation of museums, theaters, symphony halls, opera houses, and centers for the visual and performing arts. Among the projects that emerged from the boom were many brilliant successes. Others, like the striking addition of the Quadracci Pavilion to the Milwaukee Art Museum, brought international renown but also tens of millions of dollars of off-budget debt while offering scarce additional benefit to the arts and embodying the cultural sectors worst fears that the arts themselves were being displaced by the big, status-driven architecture projects built to contain them.

With Building for the Arts, Peter Frumkin and Ana Kolendo explore how artistic vision, funding partnerships, and institutional culture work together fail throughout the process of major cultural construction projects. Drawing on detailed case studies and in-depth interviews at museums and other cultural institutions varying in size and funding arrangements, including the Art Institute of Chicago, Atlanta Opera, and AT&T Performing Arts Center in Dallas, Frumkin and Kolendo analyze the decision-making considerations and challenges and identify four factors whose alignment characterizes the most successful and sustainable of the projects discussed: institutional requirements, capacity of the institution to manage the project while maintaining ongoing operations, community interest and support, and sufficient sources of funding. How and whether these factors are strategically aligned in the design and execution of a building initiative, the authors argue, can lead an organization to either thrive or fail. The book closes with an analysis of specific tactics that can enhance the chances of a projectís success.

Citizens vs Markets: How Civil Society is Rethinking the Economy in a Time of Crises.

Edited by Lorenzo Fioramonti and Ekkehard Thumler.
Oxford, UK: Routledge, 2014. 128 pages. Cost: US $145.
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After an apparent temporary relief, the financial crisis is back full steam. The ëdouble dipí has turned into a full-blown meltdown of financial markets, public budgets and, by and large, democratic accountability. This global crisis is a fundamental wake-up call: a signal that our conventional political economy and, perhaps, the very foundations of our societies need a serious rethink. Currently, the spotlight is on the role of political elites and economic agents (especially the investors included in the vague notion of ëmarketsí) and their strategies to stabilize or destabilize countries, from North America to the Eurozone. Regrettably, the actual and potential role of civil society is hardly mentioned in public debate. Yet, it is exactly within civil society that important responses to the crisis may emerge. It is within civil society that an alternative paradigm and a fundamental rethinking of conventional wisdom may be fostered. Citizens vs. Markets is the first book to unpack the transformative role of civil society in a sector in which it has traditionally been less proactive, in order to reflect on possible forms of social transformation that are not merely remedial but also constructive in nature. This is the most important struggle of our times.


Managing Nongovernmental Organizations: Culture, Power and Resistance.
By Frederik ClaeyÈ. Oxford, UK: Routledge, 2014.
224 Pages. Cost: Hardback US $125.
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The idea that international development aid needs to be better managed and coordinated gained currency in the early 1990s. The increasing emphasis on management has resulted in the present vogue of ëmanaging for development resultsí as one of the central tenets in the discourse on international aid. But how appropriate are these ideas, tools, and techniques for non-governmental development organizations (NGOs), and how much does geographic context matter? Examining the current debate on aid effectiveness and the role of NGOs in contributing to it, this book highlights the critical importance of understanding how the global and the local interact to increase aid efficacy and develop more culturally astute ways of managing NGOs.

With a focus on NGOs active in sub-Saharan Africa as case studies, author Frederik ClaeyÈ demonstrates that NGOs are not mere passive recipients of management knowledge and practices emanating from the global governance structure of international aid, but actively engage with these ideas and practices to translate and rework them through a local cultural lens. This process results in the emergence of unique hybrid management systems that combine the pressure to become more business-like with the mission to satisfy the demands of the communities they serve.

Giving to Help, Helping to Give: The Context and Politics of African Philanthropy.

 Edited by Tade Akin Aina and Bekhinkosi Moyo. Dakar, Senegal: Amalion Publishing, 2013. 464 Pages. Cost: $39.95 ï £24.99 ï 30 ï CFA15000. To order:

In the past decade, the emerging narratives about philanthropy in Africa are about an increasingly confident and knowledgeable assertion of African capacities to give not only to help but also to transform and seek to address the root causes of injustice, want, ignorance and disease. The narratives are also about the questioning of the role and place of Africans in the worldís philanthropic traditions and what constitutes African specificities but also African differences and varieties.

Giving to Help, Helping to Give deftly explores African philanthropic experiences, their varieties, challenges and opportunities. It is about documenting, investigating, describing, analysing and reflecting on philanthropy in Africa. This ground-breaking book rightly tackles the varied modes, forms, vehicles and means in which philanthropy is expressed in multifaceted Africa.

It is a pioneering and ambitious effort in a field and community of practice that is new both in terms of scholarship and in professional practice. Many of the chapters boldly engage the burden of reflections, questions, ambivalences and ambiguities that one often finds in an emerging field, innovatively positing the outlines, concepts, frameworks and theories of scholarship and practice for a field critical to development on the continent.

Contributors: Tade Akin Aina ï Mohammed A. Bakari ï Bertha Chiroro ï Kwaku Asante Darko ï Marwa El Daly ï Alan Fowler ï Ibrahima Hathie ï Jenny Hodgson ï Andrew Kingman ï Christa L. Kuljian ï Halima Mahomed ï Bhekinkosi Moyo ï Robert Muponde ï James Muzondidya ï Connie Ngondi-Houghton ï Kayode Samuel ï Fondo Sikod ï Mohamadou Sy ï GÈrard Tchouassi ï Susan Wilkinson-Maposa ï SaÔda Yahya-Othman


The Handbook of Civil Society in Africa.

Edited by Ebenezer Obadare. New York, New York: Springer, 2014.
490 pages.  Cost: US $139.
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(Springer Publishing offers ISTR members a 25% discount
on all book titles in Springer’s publication list)  


In The Handbook of Civil Society in Africa, just published by Springer (NY), Ebenezer Obadare, Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Kansas, Lawrence, USA, assembles an outstanding cast of scholars and thinker-practitioners to engage with some of the most pressing longstanding and contemporary issues in civil society research in Africa. The first-of-its-kind volume features 26 chapters organized under five separate but complementary rubrics: ‘Core Themes,’ ‘Regional Perspectives,’ ‘Civil Society in the Shadow of Neoliberalism,’ ‘After Development: Gender, Sexuality and Civic Change,’ and ‘Aid, Volunteering and Philanthropy.’ As Obadare notes in his introduction, the volume’s overall aim is to "reflect the diversity of African discourses on civil society, map the contours of thematic and regional analyses, and display the fruits of the most up to date research” on the continent. Until now, policy and scholarly discourses of civil society in Africa have been articulated under a cloud of profound skepticism, to wit: is civil society an appropriate framework for analyzing African sociologies? The robustness, variety and overall topicality of issues covered by the individual chapters in this book speaks to an idea that is now effectively localized. 


Inmigración y Ciudadanía Activa. Contribuciones Sobre Gobernanza Participativa e Inclusión Social.
By Enrique Raya Lozano, Mª Ángeles Espadas y Mourad Aboussi (coords.). 
Barcelona, Spain, Icaria: 2013.  
214 Pages. Cost: PVP 17. (in Spanish).


With a vision of research and social intervention committed to awareness-raising and social criticism, this publication brings together a series of reflections and empirical works, carried out by national and international authors focused on discussions on new forms of governance and the experiences of migrant associations. The first part of the book is dedicated to governance, social intervention, and the legislation on foreigners, with chapters dedicated to highlight the need to promote new models of democratic participation as a "third way” to the "old politics” and the neo-liberal alternative, as well as to analyze the contributions of the immigrant associations activity to the construction of a real active citizenship and to recognize the importance of labor relations field as the setting for participation of immigrants. The second and third parts include a compilation of empirical studies on migrant associations in Spain (in various regions and with reference to several specific collective), as well as in other countries (Italy and Canada). Chosen works deal with aspects such as the reality of the associations of migrants, their degree of connection with the social and institutional environment, its contribution to social and political capital of the collective migrant, and its role in the strengthening of civil society and the emergence of new forms of citizenship. The last chapter is dedicated to the associative experience in the city of Montreal (Canada), which is shown by the coordinators of the publication as a possible example to be followed by Spain.

Emerging Civil Society in China, 1978-2008.
Edited by Wang Ming. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, Hotei Publishing, 2011.
83 Pages. Cost: Hardback 134 Euro; US $174.
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Emerging Civil Society in China, 1978-2008 is translated from the original Chinese to provide a look into how scholars in China have been assessing the development of civil organizations and analyzing them based on system reforms, the public sphere, and collective action. This volume and the others in the SSRC series, provide western scholars with an accessible English language look at the state of current scholarship in China, and as such, does not simply provide information for the direct study of socio-political issues, but also for meta-level analysis of how the domestic scholarship in China is developing and assessing the interplay of the country’s political and economic reforms with the society and daily life of its people.


Accounting for Social Value.
Edited by Laurie Mook. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press, 2013.
272 Pages. Cost: Hardback US 65.00; Paper US $ 29.95; Ebook: US $29.95.  
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When organizations use social accounting practices, they are able to measure their performance in terms of benefits accrued to key stakeholders such as their communities, human resources, and those investing in the organization. This innovative change in accounting can lead to a fundamentally different perspective on the value of an organization. Through case studies of organizations that have implemented social accounting in the United States, Canada, India, and Scotland, Accounting for Social Value provides a unique perspective for understanding key issues in this growing field.

Building on two related titles, Researching the Social Economy (2010) and Businesses with a Difference (2012), Accounting for Social Value offers academics, accountants, policy-developers, and members of non-profit, co-operative, and for-profit organizations tools and insights to explore the connections between economic, social, and environmental dimensions. The lessons learned are valuable not only for other social economy organizations, but also for organizations in the public and for-profit sectors.

Religion and Civil Society in Europe.
Edited by Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker & Loek Halman.
New York, New York: Springer, 2013.
312 pages.  Cost: Hardback $99.00 / €83.29 / £72.00
(Springer Publishing offers ISTR members a 25% discount on all book titles
in Springer’s publication list)  
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Religion is back again in Europe after never having been gone. It is manifest in the revival of religious institutions and traditions in former communist countries, in political controversies about the relationship between the church(es) and the state and about the freedom of religion and the freedom to criticize religion, and in public unease about religious minorities. This book is about religion and civil society in Europe. It moves from general theoretical and normative approaches of this relationship, via the examination of national patterns of religion-state relations, to in-depth analyses of the impact of religion and secularization on the values, pro-social attitudes and civic engagement of individuals. It covers Europe from the Lutheran North to the Catholic South, and from the secularized West to the Orthodox East and Islamic South-East with comparative analyses and country studies, concluding with an overall Europe-USA comparison.


China’s Nonprofit Sector: Progress and Challenges.  
Edited by Chien-Chung Huang, Guosheng Deng, Zhenyao Wang and Richard L. Edwards.
Edison, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2013.  257 Pages.  
Cost: Hardcover US $49.95.
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The nonprofit sector in China (including nongovernmental organizations, foundations, and charities) is fairly new, especially to foreigners, since the rapid development of this "third sector” has not been widely studied in Western scholarship. The contributors to this volume have been engaged in research of China’s nonprofit sector for many years, and are intimately familiar with the operation of Chinese nonprofit organizations.


China’s Nonprofit Sector describes the development of China’s nonprofit sector since 1995, including discussions on the rise of corporate responsibility and charitable foundations, grassroots organizations, and the microphilanthropy that arose after the Sichuan earthquake in 2008. It enumerates the shifting legal framework, the complex relationship between government-affiliated and private sector organizations, the media’s role, the emergence of microphilanthropy, and the lack of knowledge of the general public regarding philanthropic enterprises.

Rediscovering Voluntary Action: The Beat of a Different Drum.
By Colin Rochester. Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.
Cost: Hardback 60; Paper 19.99.
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The book draws on my forty-five years of experience of working in and with voluntary sector and volunteer-involving organisations initially as practitioner and manager and more recently as lecturer and researcher and was prompted by a growing disquiet about the ways in which many voluntary organisations were going about their affairs as well as increasing discomfort about the direction being taken by the sector’s research community.


Rediscovering Voluntary Action attempts to explain how and why voluntary organisations have been losing their ability to pursue new ways of meeting need, their confidence to manage their affairs in a distinctive way, and their commitment to providing the people and the communities they served with a voice. It discusses the ways in which the sector has been co-opted by the state; the permeation of our society by the values and practices of the market; the process by which bureaucracy has become the only organisational game in town; and the enthusiastic adoption of these changes by ‘product champions’ within the sector itself.


As a result we are in danger of losing sight of the distinctive features that underpinned a variety of important activities that have contributed so much to our quality of life and living conditions. The book argues that what is different and what is important about voluntary action is the contribution made by ‘unmanaged volunteers’ operating in non-bureaucratic organisational settings and it explores the implications for theory and practice of this rediscovery of the way in which voluntary action ‘marches to the beat of a different drum’.



Generosidad en México: Fuentes, Cauces  y Destinos.
By Jacqueline Butcher (Editor).
Mexico City, Mexico: Editorial Porrúa and Centro de
Investigación y Estudios sobre Sociedad Civil, 2013.
316 pages. Cost: MXN $290 (US $22).
To order: (in Spanish)


This book constitutes the most comprehensive and up-to-date study of generosity in Mexico. Drawing from a national survey and other databases, the volume provides insight into the most important aspects of philanthropy and volunteering in the country. Among these are estimates of the total amount of giving by individuals, foundations and corporations, the uses of these contributions and the value of volunteer work. In this study, scholars from Mexican and American universities deliver a first-of-its-kind, thorough analysis of the state of charitable giving in Mexico.

Philanthropy and the Philanthropy Sector: An Introduction
By Theo N.M. Schuyt. Surrey, UK: Ashgate, 2013.
172 pages.  Cost: Website price: £22.50 (Regular price: £25.00)  
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Offering an introduction to modern philanthropy with regard to the commitment and willingness of citizens, funds, churches and businesses to contribute voluntarily to society Philanthropy and the Philanthropy Sector: An Introduction attempts to map philanthropy and promote a better understanding of its characteristics and features. After years of division in welfare state debates between the role and responsibilities of government and the market a renewed focus on philanthropy has shown that many societies also harbour an important and growing voluntary sector. Something special is happening at the macro-societal level as the traditional government-market dyad is being broken by a renewed interest in this ‘third way’.


This book adopts a social policy approach to look at philanthropy alongside other social arrangements and provide an introduction for all those interested in this fascinating social mechanism.



Nonprofit Governance: Innovative Perspectives and Approaches.
Edited by Chris Cornforth & William A. Brown. Oxford, UK: Routledge, 2013.
296 pages.  Cost: Hardcover US $145; Paper US $59.95.  
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The current fashion for rolling back the state has seen the nonprofit or third sector playing an increasing role in what were previously the heartlands of the public sphere. The growing significance of the sector and its increasing reliance on public funds mean it has also attracted increased scrutiny. From outside the sector concerns have been raised about the accountability and performance of nonprofit organizations. From within the sector there has been considerable debate about whether the increased reliance on government contracts is in danger of undermining the sector’s independence. As a result the spotlight has fallen on governance arrangements and whether they are adequate to ensure that nonprofit organizations are effective and accountable for their actions, and able to retain their independence. 

This collection offers a comprehensive assessment of research on the governance of nonprofit organizations. Nonprofit governance research has been dominated by the study of boards of unitary organizations and has paid insufficient attention to the multi-level nature of governance, governance relationships and dynamics, and the contribution of actors other than board members, to governance processes. 

Drawing on the research of leading scholars in the US, UK, Canada and Australia, this book presents new perspectives on non-profit governance, which help to overcome these weaknesses. 
Voluntary Sector in Transition: Hard Times or New Opportunities?
By Linda Milbourne. Bristol, UK: Policy Press, 2013.
224 pages.  Cost: £56.
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Voluntary and community organisations have moved to the centre of political debates, as the recent UK government pares back the public sphere and locates ‘solutions’ with civil society and the private sector. For some 30 years, the UK voluntary sector, like similar organisations internationally, has undergone intense changes, as the policy ideology surrounding welfare services and their delivery has been transformed. 
This new book explores the extensive growth and re-shaping of the UK voluntary sector following sweeping reforms to cultures and arrangements in public services, mapping continuities and changes from previous governments. It draws on contemporary social and organisational theory and policy debates, together with examples from empirical studies to question whether surviving and thriving in the voluntary sector now depend on re-aligning activities and compromising independent goals and values to both state and corporate interests. Conclusions address the potential room for challenge that exists for autonomous voluntary sector organisation.

Charitable Incorporated Organisations.
By Gareth G Morgan. London, UK: Directory of Social Change, 2013.
384 pages.  Cost: £18.95.
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Charitable Incorporated Organisations (CIOs) are a fundamentally new legal form and are set to become the structure of choice for many new voluntary organisations that have charitable aims. Although CIOs have been legal entities in Scotland since 2011 (SCIOs), this book is the first to focus exclusively on this important charitable structure since it became law in England and Wales at the start of 2013.

This guide provides the full range of practical guidance needed by voluntary sector practitioners and professional advisors to establish new CIOs or to convert existing charities to CIOs. It includes:
• The pros and cons of CIOs
• How to form and constitute a new CIO
• Converting existing organisations to CIOs
• Accounting and reporting for CIOs
• The significant differences between CIO structures UK-wide, including
• SCIOs and Northern Irish CIOs
• CIO wind-ups, mergers and insolvency
• The future of CIOs
Capturing both the broad concepts of CIOs as well as the detailed provisions, this book will become the standard reference work on the subject for senior voluntary sector managers, legal advisors and students of the sector. 
Catalysts for Change: 21st Century Philanthropy and Community Development.
By Maria Martinez-Cosio and Mirle Rabinowitz Bussell.  Oxford, UK: Routledge Press, 2013.
192 pages.  Cost: Paperback $47.95; hardback US $ 170.
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21st Century Philanthropy and Community fills a gap in the literature on philanthropic organizations and how they intertwine with community development. Drawing first on the history of philanthropic funding, Maria Martinez-Cosio and Mirle Bussell look at developments in the last twenty years in detail, focusing on five key case studies from across America. The authors use their own first hand experiences and research to forge a new path for academic research in an area where it has been lacking. With the current economic climate forcing shrewd spending, foundations need all the guidance they can find on how to appropriately channel their funds in the best way. But how can these sorts of community projects be analyzed for effectiveness? Is there a quantitative rather than qualitative element which can be studied to give real feedback to those investing in projects? Arguing against a one-size-fits-all model, the authors illustrate the importance of context and relationships in the success of these projects. 


The book explores the growing role of private foundations as partners in community development and urban revitalization efforts, by offering a typology of approximately 20 foundations or foundation partnerships engaged in comprehensive community initiatives (CCIs). The typology includes emerging foundation types such as health care conversions (e.g. the California Endowment’s Healthy Communities initiative in 14 communities in California); funder collaboratives such as the Los Angeles Urban Funders and the Surdna Foundation’s Comprehensive Community Revitalization Program (CCRP); and family foundations such as Price Charities and the Jacobs Center for Neighborhood Innovation (JCNI).
Citizenship and Governance in a Changing City: Somerville, MA.
By Susan A. Ostrander. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Temple University Press, 2013.
190 pages.  Cost: Hardcover US  $79.50, Paperback and E-Book US $26.95.
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Overcoming a past of deteriorating homes, empty storefronts, and corrupt city administrations, Somerville, Massachusetts, just outside of Boston, today proudly defines itself as a longtime immigrant city, a historically blue collar town, and a hip new urban center with a progressive city government. 


In Citizenship and Governance in a Changing City, Susan Ostrander shows how beneath current high levels of engagement by Somerville residents lies a struggle about who should be the city’s elected leaders and how they should conduct the city’s affairs. It is a struggle waged between diverse residents—relatively new immigrants and a new middle class—trying to gain a foothold in democratic participation, and the city’s political "old guard.”


Citizenship and Governance in a Changing City informs current debates about the place of immigrants in civic and political life, and the role of voluntary associations in local politics and government. In the process, Ostrander provides useful lessons for many midsize urban communities.

With Charity for All:  Why Charities are Failing and a Better Way to Give.  
By Ken Stern.  New York, NY: Doubleday, 2013.  
272 pages.  Cost: Hardcover US $26.95, eBook: US 13.99.

Vast and largely unexamined, the world of American charities accounts for fully 10 percent of economic activity in this country, yet operates with little accountability, no real barriers to entry, and a stunning lack of evidence of effectiveness. In With Charity for All, Ken Stern reveals a problem hidden in plain sight and prescribes a whole new way for Americans to make a difference.


Each year, two thirds of American households donate to charities, with charitable revenues exceeding one trillion dollars. Yet while the mutual fund industry employs more than 150,000 people to rate and evaluate for-profit companies, nothing remotely comparable exists to monitor the nonprofit world. Instead, each individual is on his or her own, writing checks for a cause and going on faith. Ken Stern, former head of NPR and a long-time nonprofit executive, set out to investigate the vast world of U.S. charities and discovered a sector hobbled by deep structural flaws. Unlike private corporations that respond to market signals and go out of business when they fail, nonprofit organizations have a very low barrier to entry (the IRS approves 99.5 percent of applications) and once established rarely die. From water charities aimed at improving life in Africa to drug education programs run by police officers in thousands of U.S. schools, and including American charitable icons such as the Red Cross, Stern tells devastating stories of organizations that raise and spend millions of dollars without ever cracking the problems they set out to solve.


But he also discovered some good news: a growing movement toward accountability and effectiveness in the nonprofit world. With Charity for All is driven in its early pages by the plight of millions of Americans donating to good causes to no good end, and in its last chapters by an inspiring prescription for individual giving and widespread reform.

Global Fundraising:  How the World is Changing the Rules of Philanthropy.  
By Penelope Cagney and Bernard Ross.  Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
416 pages.  Cost: US $60.00.  
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A practical guide to the challenges and successes of global fundraising, Global Fundraising  offers a global overview of philanthropy with an internationalist perspective. 


As the world becomes more interdependent, and economies struggle, global philanthropy continues to increase. More than that, nonprofits are taking up roles that have traditionally been filled by the government—including social welfare, healthcare, and human rights. Global Fundraising provides complete coverage of the implications of this growth for nonprofit culture and how it drives changes in fundraising practices.
• Organized into thematic chapters—a mixture of geographic and topical issues—it places North American philanthropy in a wider context
• It features a companion website with a variety of online tools and materials
• The book includes contributions by international leading experts Matt Ide, Mair Bosworth, Usha Menon, Anup Tiwari, Paula Guillet de Monthoux, Angela Cluff, Norma Galafassi, Mike Muchilwa, Tariq Cheema, Lu Bo and Nan Fang, Masataka Uo, Chris Carnie, Sean Triner, Andrea McManus, Marcelo Inniarra, Ashley Baldwin, Rebecca Mauger, YoungWoo Choi, R.F. Shangraw, Jr., Sudeshna Mukherjee, and Anca Zaharia.


The book skillfully tracks how the world of fundraising is changing rapidly due to a number of factors including: continuing growth of great wealth; non-profit innovation emerging everywhere; growth of indigenous NGOs; increased professionalism in fundraising; and the value and role of new and social technologies. 


Accountable Handbook FCRA 2010: Theory and Practice. Second Edition.
By Sanjay Agarwal. New Delhi, India:  AccountAid India, 2012.
395 pages.
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Foreign Contribution Regulation Act 2010 is the third generation of a unique Indian law that regulates flow of foreign charity.  This version is more powerful than ever before.  It is critical that donor agencies, corporate foundations and NGOs understand this law properly in order to continue their work.  This new and enlarged edition of the Accountable Handbook of FCRA (2002) has been rewritten and revised.  It does three things at the same time: 
• Explains the history and rationale of the law
• Uncovers legal intricacies
• Provides detailed guidance on compliance and record-keeping. 
Civil Society in China: The Legal Framework from Ancient Times to the "New Reform Era.”
By Karla W. Simon. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2013.
560 pages.  Cost: Hardcover, US $75.
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This book presents the legal and fiscal framework for civil society organizations (CSOs) in China from earliest times to the present day. Civil Society in China traces the ways in which laws and regulations have shaped civil society over the 5,000 years of China’s history and looks at ways in which social and economic history have affected the legal changes that have occurred over the millennia.

This book provides an historical and current analysis of the legal framework for civil society and citizen participation in China, focusing not merely on legal analysis, but also on the ways in which the legal framework influenced and was influenced in turn by social and economic developments. The principal emphasis is on ways in which the Chinese people - as opposed to high-ranking officials or cadres -- have been able to play a part in the social and economic development of China through the associations in which they participate. 

Civil Society in China sums up this rather complex journey through Chinese legal, social, and political history by assessing the ways in which social, economic, and legal system reforms in today’s China are bound to have an impact on civil society. The changes that have occurred in China’s civil society since the late 1980’s and, most especially, since the late 1990’s, are nothing short of remarkable. 
Includes historical content links to the developments of the current "new reform era”

Comparison charts in the appendix provide easy access to the ways in which current three regulations (1998/2004) differ from earlier ones from 1988/1989

Analysis of the proposed charity law and the enacted local charity fund raising regulations helps to provide a link to what will be the next big legislative development in this area

Extensive discussion of how comparative materials might be used to assist in reform efforts

The Politics of Civil Society: Big Society and Small Government. (2nd edition)  
By Frederick Powell.  Bristol, UK: The Policy Press, 2013.  
224 pages.  Cost: Paperback £19.99.  
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2011 shook the world politically. The Occupy Movement, Los Indignados and the Greek Aganaktismenoi (outraged) reacted to zombie capitalism in the West, while the Arab Spring challenged political tyrannies in the Maghreb-Mashreq region. Democracy became the meta-question of the moment. New communicative technologies unleashed a tidal wave of civic protest that spread across the globe, bringing new political actors on to the street. But what does this protest movement mean? Are we on the threshold of a transformation in global political consciousness? Is civil society the necessary counter-power that is democratising democracy from within? Or are we living through an apocalyptic terminal phase of civilisation? In the second, revised edition of this book, the author looks behind the mirror of power and differentiates the real from the fake in policy and politics. 

Representations of Global Poverty: Aid, Development and International NGOs.  
By Nandita Dogra. London, UK: IBTauris, 2012.
256 pages.  Cost: Hardback  £54.50.  
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Through the efforts of increasingly media-aware NGOs, people in the west are bombarded with images of poverty and inequality in the developing world. Representations of Poverty is the first comprehensive study of the communications and imagery used by international NGOs to represent the developing world. In this meticulously researched and original book, Nandita Dogra examines the full cycle of representation - integrating analyses of the public messages of international development NGOs in the UK with the views of their staff and audiences. Exploring the Europeanised discourses inherent in appeals to this notion of a ‘common humanity’, she argues for a greater acknowledgment of NGOs as significant mediating institutions which can expand understandings of global inequalities and their historical causation. 

Internal Affairs: How the Structure of NGOs Transforms Human Rights.
By Wendy Wong. Ithaca, NY, USA: Cornell University Press, 2012.
272 pages.  Cost: Hardcover US $39.95.
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Why are some international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) more politically salient than others, and why are some NGOs better able to influence the norms of human rights? Internal Affairs shows how the organizational structures of human rights NGOs and their campaigns determine their influence on policy. Drawing on data from seven major international organizations—the International Committee of the Red Cross, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Médecins sans Frontières, Oxfam International, Anti-Slavery International, and the International League of Human Rights—Wendy H. Wong demonstrates that NGOs that choose to centralize agenda-setting and decentralize the implementation of that agenda are more successful in gaining traction in international politics.
Challenging the conventional wisdom that the most successful NGOs are those that find the "right” cause or have the most resources, Wong shows that how NGOs make and implement decisions is critical to their effectiveness in influencing international norms about human rights. Building on the insights of network theory and organizational sociology, Wong traces how power works within NGOs and affects their external authority. The internal coherence of an organization, as reflected in its public statements and actions, goes a long way to assure its influence over the often tumultuous elements of the international human rights landscape.

Faith and the State: A History of Islamic Philanthropy in Indonesia.  
By Amelia Fauzia. Leiden, The Netherlands:
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Faith and the State offers a comprehensive historical development of Islamic philanthropy--zakat (almsgiving), sedekah (donation) and waqf (religious endowment)-- from the time of the Islamic monarchs, through the period of Dutch colonialism and up to contemporary Indonesia. It shows a rivalry between faith and the state: between efforts to involve the state in managing philanthropic activities and efforts to keep them under control of Muslim civil society.

Philanthropy is an indication of the strength of civil society. When the state was weak, philanthropy developed powerfully and was used to challenge the state. When the state was strong, Muslim civil society tended to weaken but still found ways to use philanthropic practices in the public sphere to promote social change.

Almost Worthy: The Poor, Paupers, and the Science of Charity in America, 1877-1917.
By Brent Ruswick.  Bloomington, Indiana, USA: India
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In the 1880s, social reform leaders warned that the "unworthy” poor were taking charitable relief intended for the truly deserving. Armed with statistics and confused notions of evolution, these "scientific charity” reformers founded organizations intent on limiting access to relief by the most morally, biologically, and economically unfit. Brent Ruswick examines a prominent national organization for scientific social reform and poor relief in Indianapolis in order to understand how these new theories of poverty gave birth to new programs to assist the poor.

Why Philanthropy Matters: How the Wealthy Give, and What It Means for Our Economic Well-Being.
By Zoltan J. Acs. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press, 2013.
272 pages. Cost: Cloth US $29.95 / £19.95.
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Philanthropy has long been a distinctive feature of American culture, but its crucial role in the economic well-being of the nation--and the world--has remained largely unexplored. Why Philanthropy Matters takes an in-depth look at philanthropy as an underappreciated force in capitalism, measures its critical influence on the free-market system, and demonstrates how American philanthropy could serve as a model for the productive reinvestment of wealth in other countries. Factoring in philanthropic cycles that help balance the economy, Zoltan Acs offers a richer picture of capitalism, and a more accurate backdrop for considering policies that would promote the capitalist system for the good of all.

Examining the dynamics of American-style capitalism since the eighteenth century, Acs argues that philanthropy achieves three critical outcomes. It deals with the question of what to do with wealth--keep it, tax it, or give it away. It complements government in creating public goods. And, by focusing on education, science, and medicine, philanthropy has a positive effect on economic growth and productivity. Acs describes how individuals such as Benjamin Franklin, Andrew Carnegie, Bill Gates, and Oprah Winfrey have used their wealth to establish institutions and promote knowledge, and Acs shows how philanthropy has given an edge to capitalism by promoting vital forces--like university research--necessary for technological innovation, economic equality, and economic security. Philanthropy also serves as a guide for countries with less flexible capitalist institutions, and Acs makes the case for a larger, global philanthropic culture.

Civil Society and Global Poverty: Hegemony, Inclusivity, Legitimacy.
By Clive Gabay. London, UK: Routledge, 2012.  
178 pages.  Hardback US 145.00.
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The Global Call to Action against Poverty (GCAP) is world’s largest civil society movement fighting against poverty and inequality, incorporating over 100 affiliated country-level coalitions. It has become a significant global actor and its annual days of mobilisation now attract over 175 million people around the world.

This book seeks to explore GCAP’s power and its embodiment of emancipatory change. It develops a framework that assesses its external power as an actor by exploring how power works in it, and the relationship between the two. Gabay demonstrates that GCAP, and actors like it, may transcend some of the obstructions they face in navigating and proposing alternatives to dominant codes and practices of neo-liberal globalisation. Thematically, the book explores GCAP’s constitutive powers along three axes: hegemony, inclusion and legitimacy. It draws on a wide range of social and political theory, including Liberalism, Anarchism and postcolonial theory and featuring case studies on Malawi and India.  

Importing Democracy: The Role of NGOs in South Africa, Tajikistan and Argentina.
By Julie Fisher.  Dayton, Ohio: Kettering Foundation, 2012.  
394 pages.  $US 24.95.   

Nothing has so discredited the attempt to export democracy militarily as the Iraq and Afghan wars. Both Iraq and Afghanistan remind us that democracy must be built from within. Even peaceful efforts to export democracy often flounder on the shoals of simplistic western visions of other societies.

A common response to this failure is to assume that many countries are simply not suited to democracy, at least for the foreseeable future. This book is about three countries where some citizens refuse to be so easily dismissed, and have already initiated the long, arduous process of democratization from within. They build on democratic traditions, particularly at the local level. But they also import powerful democratic ideas such as accountability and the concept of a loyal opposition.

Argentina, South Africa and Tajikistan all have viable civil societies. Within these civil societies, some nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) labor in the vineyard of democracy. These NGOs serve as the comparative lens for observing wider processes of democratization.

Iraq and Afghanistan not only highlight the failure to export democracy, they also remind us that elections, even if they can be made relatively honest, do not equal democracy. In fact, the organizations described here are engaged in everything from setting up community radio stations to teaching local police about human rights to strengthening civil society as a potential loyal opposition.

While taking account of the impact on democracy of civil society, broadly defined, this book focuses on the more specific impact of democratization NGOs in South Africa, Tajikistan and Argentina. It is based on 90 field interviews, 84 of which were with the leaders of indigenous NGOs that focus primarily on a wide range of programs to strengthen democracy. While these deliberate attempts at democratization are at best part of a fragmented, long-term journey, their wide scope has achieved tangible democratic advances within both societies and governments.

The meaning of democracy has been discussed, debated and revised for at least two millennia. Free elections continue to be seen as a necessary, if insufficient, ingredient of democratization, but the rise of civil society has led scholars to extend and deepen definitions of democracy. One definition, however, designed around stricter political boundaries and more formal institutions, is useful in that it focuses on democratic processes as central components of democracy. Robert Dahl’s (1972) definition of "polyarchy” includes three dimensions – political opposition, public participation and law-based civil liberty. A fourth dimension, a democratic political culture, was defined by March and Olson (1995) as the increasing capacity of the political system to adapt to change and to deepen democracy. Although adaptability is related to opposition, public participation and law- based civil liberty; a democratic political culture is a crucial asset in sustaining democracy, once it develops.

These four dimensions are used to explore the work of democratization NGOs. By comparing the democratic impact of civil society as a whole with the impact of democratization NGOs, this approach addresses a missing piece of the research puzzle. It also explores the indirect causal pathway between democratization NGOs and democracy that runs through civil society by strengthening its role as loyal opposition. Finally, it compares the ways that democratization NGOs deal with strengthening democratic processes in different national contexts and thereby explores the varieties and meanings of democracy.



Building Walls and Dissolving Borders: The Challenges of Alterity, Community and Securitizing Space.
Edited by Max Stephenson and Laura Zanotti.  Surrey, UK: Ashgate, 2013.
210 pages.  Cost: US $99.95.
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Walls play multiple social, political, economic and cultural roles and are linked to the fundamental question of how human beings live together. Globalization and urbanization have created high population density, rapid migration, growing poverty, income inequality and frequent discontent and conflict among heterogeneous populations. The writers in this volume explore how walls are changing in this era, when social "containers” have become porous, proximity has been redefined, circulation has intensified and the state as a way of organizing political life is being questioned. The authors analyze how walls articulate with other social boundaries to address feelings of vulnerability and anxiety and how they embody governmental processes, public and social contestation, fears and notions of identity and alterity.

This book’s authors explore walls as the consequence of a changing web of social relationships. Whether walls are physical objects on the landscape or metaphors for difference among specific groups or communities, the writers consider them as heterotopias, powerful sites around which ways of living together are contested and transformed. They also investigate how architectural planning concerning walls may de facto become a means of waging war, as well as how demolishing walls may give way to new ways of imagining security.


Measuring the Networked Nonprofit:  Using Data to Change the World. 
By Beth Kanter and Katie Delahaye Paine.  New Jersey, USA: Jossey-Bass, 2012.
336 pages. Cost: Paperback US $34.95. 
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Having a social media measurement plan and approach can no longer be an after-thought. It is a requirement of success. As nonprofits refine their social media practice, their boards are expecting reports showing results. As funders provide dollars to support programs that include social media, they too want to see results. This book offers the tools and strategies needed for nonprofits that need reliable and measurable data from their social media efforts. Using these tools will not only improve a nonprofit’s decision making process but will produce results-driven metrics for staff and stakeholders.



Bringing Citizen Voices to the Table: A Guide for Public Managers.
By Carolyn J. Lukensmeyer. New Jersey, USA: Wiley, 2012. 
448 pages.  Cost:  Hardcover US $50. 
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This book offers seven field-tested strategies for public managers to help them maximize citizen engagement as they implement the President’s Open Government Directive. The Core Strategies for Citizen Engagement are: Establish Links to Decision-Makers; Ensure Demographic Diversity; Create Opportunities for Informed Participation; Maximize Tools of Facilitated Deliberation; Discover Shared Priorities; Establish Clear Recommendations for Action; and Sustain Citizen Engagement. The book includes project and leadership case studies from major federal agencies that elucidate the seven strategies in the context of real-world issues and challenges.



The Nonprofit Almanac 2012.

By Katie L. Roeger, Amy S. Blackwood, and Sarah L. Pettijohn.
Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press. 
272 pages.  Cost: Paperback US $49.50; ePub US $26.99. 
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The Nonprofit Almanac 2012 features the most recent data on the philanthropic sector, presented in more than 50 charts and 100 tables. Topics include


•             the nonprofit sector and its place in the national  economy


•             wage and employment trends


•             trends in private giving and volunteering


•             financial trends in revenue and outlays


•             the size, scope, and finances of public charities


•             classification scheme for charitable organizations based on the National Taxonomy of Exempt Entities


•             glossary of nonprofit scholarship terms


Presente y Futuro del Voluntariado en Uruguay. 
By Javier Pereira, Analía Bettoni and Oscar Licandro. 2012.  
Montevideo: UNDP and Universidad Católica del Uruguay, 2012.  


As the book was intended to strengthen the work of NGOs, grassroots and volunteer organizations it can be downloaded at no cost from For people living abroad, the book can be requested by sending an email to and paying only the shipping costs.  (In Spanish) 

Drawing upon the analysis of a new generation of volunteer programs, the book examines the emerging trends and current scenario for volunteer work in Uruguay. As the country is currently discussing a new legal framework to regulate the work of volunteers, the publication seeks to contribute to this debate by revealing the tensions and contradictions that are underpinning the various meanings of volunteer work.  In its opening chapter the book proposes a chronology of the recent history of volunteerism in Uruguay and a theoretical framework to analyze its recent transformations. The core of the book is formed by 10 case studies including volunteer programs established in various settings (universities, religious congregations, private corporations, micro-enterprises, grassroots organizations, elderly associations, traditional NGOs, political platforms, among others). The conclusive chapters unveil the potential that volunteer work has to address the major demographic, social and political challenges in a country historically known for its strong welfare state and party system democracy.




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