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Book Notes
BOOK NOTES           

Index: 20152014- 2013
2012 2011 - 2010 - 2009 - 2008 


Women’s Emancipation and Civil Society Organisations: Challenging or Maintaining the Status Quo?
Edited by Christina Schwabenland, Chris Lange, Jenny Onyx and Sachiko Nakagawa  
Bristol, UK: Policy Press University of Bristol, 2016  
388 Pages. Cost: Hardback £68.00  
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Women are at the heart of civil society organisations. Through them they have achieved many successes, challenged oppressive practices at a local and global level and have developed outstanding entrepreneurial activities. Yet Civil Service Organisation (CSO) research tends to ignore considerations of gender and the rich history of activist feminist organisations is rarely examined. 

This collection examines the nexus between the emancipation of women, and their role(s) in these organisations. Featuring contrasting studies from a wide range of contributors from different parts of the world, it covers emerging issues such as the role of social media in organising, the significance of religion in many cultural contexts, activism in Eastern Europe and the impact of environmental degradation on women’s lives. Asking whether involvement in CSOs offers a potential source of emancipation for women or maintains the status quo, this anthology will also have an impact on policy and practice in relation to equal opportunities. 

Allies or Adversaries: NGOs and the State in Africa 
By Jennifer Brass  
NY, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2016  
292 Pages. Cost: Hardback US $ 99.99 
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Governments throughout the developing world have witnessed a proliferation of non-governmental, non-profit organizations (NGOs) providing services like education, healthcare and piped drinking water in their territory. In Allies or Adversaries, Jennifer N. Brass explains how these NGOs have changed the nature of service provision, governance, and state development in the early twenty-first century. Analyzing original surveys alongside interviews with public officials, NGOs and citizens, Brass traces street-level government-NGO and state-society relations in rural, town and city settings of Kenya. She examines several case studies of NGOs within Africa in order to demonstrate how the boundary between purely state and non-state actors blurs, resulting in a very slow turn toward more accountable and democratic public service administration. This detailed analysis provides rich data about NGO-government and citizen-state interactions.

Philanthropy in Democratic Societies: History, Institutions, Values 
Edited by Rob Reich, Chiara Cordelli, and Lucy Bernholz 
Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 2016  
344 Pages.  Cost: Paper and E-book US $30; Cloth $90  
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Philanthropy is everywhere. In 2013, in the United States alone, some $330 billion was recorded in giving, from large donations by the wealthy all the way down to informal giving circles. We tend to think of philanthropy as unequivocally good, but as the contributors to this book show, philanthropy is also an exercise of power. And like all forms of power, especially in a democratic society, it deserves scrutiny. Yet it rarely has been given serious attention. This book fills that gap, bringing together expert philosophers, sociologists, political scientists, historians, and legal scholars to ask fundamental and pressing questions about philanthropy’s role in democratic societies.

The contributors balance empirical and normative approaches, exploring both the roles philanthropy has actually played in societies and the roles it should play. They ask a multitude of questions: When is philanthropy good or bad for democracy? How does, and should, philanthropic power interact with expectations of equal citizenship and democratic political voice? What makes the exercise of philanthropic power legitimate? What forms of private activity in the public interest should democracy promote, and what forms should it resist? Examining these and many other topics, the contributors offer a vital assessment of philanthropy at a time when its power to affect public outcomes has never been greater. 

The Third Sector in Public Services:  Developments, Innovations and Challenges  
Edited by James Rees and David Mullins  
Bristol, UK: Policy Press at the University of Bristol, 2016  
256 Pages.  Cost: Cloth £56; US $110  
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For over three decades in the UK, governments have sought to restrain or roll back the frontiers of the state, and to expand the scope for third sector involvement in the provision of welfare services. This book is the first edited collection to provide an up to date and comprehensive overview of the third sector’s role in public service delivery. Exploring areas such as social enterprise, capacity building, volunteering and social value, the authors provide a platform for academic and policy debates on the topic. Drawing on research carried out at the ESRC funded Third Sector Research Centre, the book charts the historical development of the state–third sector relationship, and reviews the major debates and controversies accompanying recent shifts in that relationship. 

New research findings: TSRC book series
Major developments in third sector issues in the last decade or so provide the rationale for a series which will present new research findings that addresses key academic and policy debates in relation to the third sector.

That was also the rationale for the Third Sector Research Centre, from whose first five-year programme of work this volume represents the first book-length output. This series will draw on the work of that centre but it will also welcome proposals for volumes which address its key focus: the organisational base of the third sector and in particular on the roles, resources, responsibilities and relationships of third sector organisations.

Third sector in public service delivery
We begin with James Rees and David Mullins’ edited collection on the role of the third sector in public service delivery. The authors address this from various perspectives: discussing the limitations of the evidence base, providing longer-term perspectives on shifts in policy, considering the different elements of the voluntary sector (including social enterprises and spinoffs from the public sector) and their relationship to public service provision, analysing the role played by volunteers, and assessing the effects on organisations of changing incentive structures and pressures to demonstrate social returns.
The authors collectively reject unidirectional characterisations of current policy developments as neoliberal pure and simple, and instead demonstrate the tensions and dilemmas posed for the third sector by changing external conditions. They show how TSOs negotiate these pressures and are able, within what is undoubtedly a tough operating environment, to innovate and find some scope for manoeuvre.
Despite the constraints and indeed the possibility of perma-austerity, the authors conclude optimistically that the ability of individuals and communities to organise to meet public needs should not be underestimated. The third sector will continue to be in demand for its potential contribution to the development and reform of public services. The contributions in this book set a benchmark for future studies of this important field.

Cases in Innovative Nonprofits:  Organizations That Make a Difference  
Edited by Ram A. Cnaan and Diane Vinokur-Kaplan  
Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publishers, 2015 
336 Pages.  Cost: Paperback US $53.00  
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Cases in Innovative Nonprofits provides readers with current comparative case studies of innovative nonprofit organizations that are meeting the needs of humanity in both the U.S. and abroad. This text provides inspiring examples of social entrepreneurs who have instituted new services to meet the needs of both new and long standing social problems. Each case features either an unidentified need and its successful response, or an existing need that was tackled in a unique and innovative manner.  

The text is purposefully organized into four parts: 
Part 1: Two conceptual chapters give the reader an understanding of what a nonprofit social innovation is and tools to analyze various social innovations in this volume and elsewhere. 
Part 2: Ten cases reveal the innovative formation of new nonprofit organizations. 
Part 3: Three cases emphasize innovation through collaboration. 
Part 4: Five cases demonstrate innovations taking place within an existing nonprofit organization.  

By using a simple, identical format for each case, this text facilitates student learning through comparative review, providing a deeper understanding about the complexity and steps required to achieve nonprofit social innovation.

NGO Governance and Management in China  
Edited by Reza Hasmath and Jennifer Y.J. Hsu 
New York, NY: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 2016  
216 Pages.  Cost: Hardback: £ 72.00; US $155 
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As China becomes increasingly integrated into the global system there will be continuing pressure to acknowledge and engage with non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Suffice to say, without a clear understanding of the state’s interaction with NGOs, and vice versa, any political, economic and social analysis of China will be incomplete.

This book provides an urgent insight into contemporary state-NGO relations. It brings together the most recent research covering three broad themes, namely the conceptualizations and subsequent functions of NGOs; state-NGO engagement; and NGOs as a mediator between state and society in contemporary China. The book provides a future glimpse into the challenges of state-NGO interactions in China’s rapidly developing regions, which will aid NGOs strategic planning in both the short- and long-term. In addition, it allows a measure of predictability in our assessment of Chinese NGOs behaviour, notably when they eventually move their areas of operation from the domestic sphere to an international one.


Social Welfare Policy: Responding to a Changing World  
By John McNutt and Richard Hoefer  
New York, NY: Oxford University Press 
360 Pages.  Cost: US $69.95  
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Social policy, public policy, and social welfare policy are some of our most powerful tools for shaping and interacting with the world. Our world, however, is constantly changing, so when we consider policies we must always make sure that we are acting based on the current realities rather than a distant past. There are new challenges that shape our society. Every day, people are confronted with unprecedented threats to their well-being--threats to economic welfare from an emerging global information economy, environmental threats that risk health and safety, and global political instability that has repercussions beyond national borders.

Social Welfare Policy: Responding to a Changing World is unlike other books used in social welfare policy courses. John McNutt and Richard Hoefer explicitly address the emerging information economy, the rise of globalization, and the developing environmental crisis, and provide a tightly integrated framework for understanding these forces and their impact on policy and practice. This framework is applied to the six traditional arenas of policy--child and family services, health and mental health, poverty and inequality, housing and community development, crime and violence, and aging--exploring how to find new solutions to problems both long enduring and brand new. There is an urgency to this text that is clearly communicated to readers--it is time for practitioners, researchers, and policy-makers to make decisions for the future based on the realities of the present.

Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises: Nordic Perspectives  
Edited by Linda Lundgaard Andersen, Malin Gawell, Roger Spear 
New York, NY: Routledge, 2016 
284 Pages.  Cost: £ 76.00 
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Migrant women stepping into ethnic catering; homeless men employed to take care of bees producing honey for sale; young people on the edge getting microcredit funding to start social businesses; or former criminals joining forces to create social and economic structures for an honest lifestyle. These initiatives capture the transformative power of social enterprise and might indicate how social enterprises have the potential to make a difference for people and societies. The Nordic countries represent an interesting case. Social enterprises and co-operatives played a significant part in paving the way for the Nordic solicaristic welfare state.

As the welfare state grew, civil society organizations and co-operatives lost ground, to a certain extent. But in recent decades, the welfare state has been restructured and, simultaneously, the concepts social entrepreneurship and social enterprises have gained attention. The Nordic context, with extensive public welfare structures and a high degree of citizens’ participation in public affairs, might affect the emergence of social entrepreneurship and social enterprises.

Community Development: Insights for Practice in Aotearoa New Zealand 
Edited by Jenny Aimers and Peter Walker  
Auckland, New Zealand: Dunmore Publishing, 2013  
241 Pages. Cost: NZD  $49.99 
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This book examines the depth and breadth of experience in community work practice in Aotearoa New Zealand with examples from practice from the Otago and Southland/Murihiku region. While the examples are drawn from this area, their application is universal, encompassing the theory and practice (‘praxis’) of community development as both a process and a way of perceiving the world. Case studies presented within an editorial structure together provide a useful, insightful and easily read community work resource for practitioners and students.


Perspectives on Volunteering: Voices from the South 
Edited by Jacqueline Butcher and Christopher Einolf  
New York, NY: Springer, 2016 
280 Pages. Cost: Hardcover: $ US 119.00  
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This volume overlooks the distinct expressions and awareness of volunteering in the lived reality of people from different regions of the world. By casting the net widely this book not only expands the geographic reach of experiences, models and case studies but also transcends the conventional focus on formal volunteering. It highlights institutional forms of volunteering specific to developing nations and also describes volunteering that is more loosely institutionalized, informal, and a part of solidarity and collective spirit.  As a result this book provides a different look at the values, meaning, acts and expressions of volunteering.

The chapters in this book consist of essays and case studies that present recent academic research, thinking and practice on volunteering.  Working from the premise that volunteering is universal this collection draws on experiences from Latin America, Africa including Egypt, and Asia. This book focuses on developing countries and countries in transition in order to provide a fresh set of experiences and perspectives on volunteering. While developing countries and countries in transition are in the spotlight for this volume, the developed country experience is not ignored. Rather the essays use it as a critical reference point for comparisons, allowing points of convergence, disconnect and intersection to emerge.  

The Philanthropy Reader

By Michael Moody and Beth Breeze.  
Routledge, 2016. 514 pages.
Cost: Hardback: US $175; Paperback: US $67.95.
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Philanthropy is both timeless and timely. Ancient Romans, Medieval aristocrats, and Victorian industrialists engaged in philanthropy, as do modern-day Chinese billionaires, South African activists, and Brazilian nuns. Today, philanthropic practice is evolving faster than ever before, with donors giving their time, talents, and social capital in creative new ways and in combination with their financial resources. These developments are generating complex new debates and adding new twists to enduring questions, from “why be philanthropic?” to “what does it mean to do philanthropy ‘better’?” Addressing such questions requires greater understanding of the contested purpose and diverse practice of philanthropy.

With an international and interdisciplinary focus, The Philanthropy Reader serves as a resource that brings together essential and engaging extracts from key texts and major thinkers, and frames these in a way that captures the historical development, core concepts, perennial debates, global reach, and recent trends of this field. The book includes almost 100 seminal and illuminating writings about philanthropy, equipping readers with the guiding material they need to better grasp such a crucial yet complex and evolving topic. Additional readings and discussion questions also accompany the text as online supplements.

Civil Society, the Third Sector and Social Enterprise. Governance and Democracy.
Edited by Jean-Louis Laville, Dennis R. Young, Philippe Eynaud.  
Routledge, 2016.
Cost: Hardback: £95.00; Paperback: £34.99.
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If the twentieth century was only focused on the complementarity and the opposition of market and state, the twenty-first century has now to deal with the prominence of the third sector, the emergence of social enterprises and other solidarity hybrid forms. The concept of civil society organisations (CSOs) spans this diversity and addresses this new complexity.

The first part of the book highlights the organizational dimensions of CSOs and analyses the growing role of management models and their limits. Too often, the study of CSO governance has been centered on the role of the board and has not sufficiently taken into account the different types of accountability environments. Thus, the conversation about CSO governance rises to the level of networks rather than simple organizations per se, and the role of these networks in setting the agenda in a democratic society.

In this perspective, the second part emphasizes the institutional dimensions of CSO governance by opening new avenues on democracy. First, the work of Ostrom about governing the commons provides us new insights to think community self-governance. Second, the work of Habermas and Fraser opens the question of deliberative governance and the role of public sphere to enlarge our vision of CSO governance. Third, the concepts of substantive rationality and economy proposed respectively by Ramos and Polanyi reframe the context in which the question can be addressed. Lastly, this book argues for a stronger intercultural approach useful for the renewal of paradigms in CSOs research.

This book presents a unique collective work in bringing together 33 authors coming from 11 countries to share perspectives on civil society governance.

The Routledge Companion to Philanthropy.  
Edited by Tobias Jung, Susan D. Phillips and Jenny Harrow.  
Routledge, 2016.  532 pages.  
Cost:  US $240.  
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Philanthropy – the use of private resources for public purposes – is undergoing a transformation, both in practice and as an emerging field of study. 

Expectations of what philanthropy can achieve have risen significantly in recent years, reflecting a substantial, but uneven, increase in global wealth and the rolling back of state services in anticipation that philanthropy will fill the void. In addition to this, experiments with entrepreneurial and venture philanthropy are producing novel intersections of the public, non-profit and private spheres, accompanied by new kinds of partnerships and hybrid organisational forms. The Routledge Companion to Philanthropy examines these changes and other challenges that philanthropists and philanthropic organisations face.

With contributions from an international team of leading contemporary thinkers on philanthropy, this Companion provides an introduction to, and critical exploration of, philanthropy; discussing current theories, research and the diverse professional practices within the field from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. 

Negotiating Knowledge: Evidence and Experience in Development NGOs.
Edited by Rachel Hayman, Sophie King, Tiina Kontinen,  and Lata Narayanaswamy.
Practical Action Publishing, 2016.  
Cost: Hardback: £ 47.45; Paperback: £ 18.95.  
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This book critically examines how non-governmental organisations (NGOs) involved in development work around the world are engaging with knowledge and evidence creation, management and use. It looks at how evidence, research and knowledge are used to inform the design and implementation of development interventions. The context is one where NGOs are under pressure from governments that are changing how they fund international development or placing restrictions on NGOs, and from a public that is sceptical of how NGOs manage their affairs and achieve their goals. 

The eight studies that form the core of the book span scholarly and practitioner research across three continents. They cover local organisations in Africa and Asia, as well as major international organisations that operate globally. They tackle political issues in the international development policy environment that determine what forms of evidence and knowledge are given credence. They explore the power dynamics that shape the value placed on knowledge and learning in relationships within organisations and between organisations. 

The authors argue that NGOs need to re-examine how they use knowledge and evidence in order to make it work better for themselves and for the people that they are aiming to represent and assist. To do this well, they have to better understand what they mean by knowledge and evidence, revisit the value that they place on learning and knowledge, invest in appropriate capacity and skills, and better navigate the underlying power dynamics that can act as barriers to effective use of different forms of knowledge and evidence in practice.

Social Innovations in the Urban Context.  
Edited by Taco Brandsen, Sandro Cattacin, Adalbert Evers, and Annette Zimmer.
Springer, 2016. (Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies Series) 313 pages.  
Cost: Hardcover US $59.00, €49.00, £44.99. P
rinted eBook €/$ 24.99.
Thanks for EU funding the book is available OPEN ACCESS through:

This book addresses the practice of social innovation, which is currently very much in the public eye. New ideas and approaches are needed to tackle the severe and wicked problems with which contemporary societies are struggling. Especially in times of economic crisis, social innovation is regarded as one of the crucial elements needed to move forward. Our knowledge of its dynamics has significantly progressed, thanks to an abundance of studies on social innovation both general and sector-specific. However, despite the valuable research conducted over the past years, the systematic analysis of social innovation is still contested and incomplete. The questions asked in the book will be the following: 

1. What is the nature of social innovations? 
2. What patterns can be identified in social innovations emerging at the local level? 
3. How is the emergence and spread of social innovations related to urban governance? More precisely, which conditions and arrangements facilitate and hinders social innovation? 

We explore these questions using different types of data and methods, and studying different contexts. In particular, we focus on innovations that aim at solving problems of the young unemployed, single parents and migrants. This analysis is based on original research carried out in the period 2010-2013 in the framework of a European project with a specific empirical research strategy. Research was carried out in 20 cities in 10 different European countries.

Practicing Professional Ethics in Economics and Public Policy.
Edited by Elizabeth A.M. Searing and Donald R. Searing. The Netherlands:
Springer, 2016.  297 pages.
Cost: Hardcover US $129; E-book US $99.  
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This volume explores the professional ethics and addresses the varied ethical needs of the professional economists and public policy professionals.  Using terms and methods familiar to the reader, the book goes beyond the typical narrative of economics and morality to walk the professional through the process of ethical decision-making.  This book includes a step-by-step illustrated guide through an ethical decision-making process using a methodology specifically tailored to economists and policy professionals. It describes numerous unique ethical tests and resolution methods which are utilized in a portfolio structure. The book also includes a brief and convenient catalogue of important figures in philosophy and ethics, translated into their policy applications; it concludes with candid advice from experts in different subfields on how ethics impacts their professional lives.  This volume provides a foundation and framework for those in economics and public policy to implement a relevant practice of professional ethics both at and in their work.

Making Immigrant Rights Real. Nonprofits and the Politics of Integration in San Francisco.  
By Els de Graauw.  Ithaca, NY:
Cornell University Press, 2016. 240 pages.  
Cost: Hardcover: US $89.95; Paperback: $22.95, £ 15.50.  
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More than half of the 41 million foreign-born individuals in the United States today are noncitizens, half have difficulty with English, a quarter are undocumented, and many are poor. As a result, most immigrants have few opportunities to make their voices heard in the political process. Nonprofits in many cities have stepped into this gap to promote the integration of disadvantaged immigrants. They have done so despite notable constraints on their political activities, including limits on their lobbying and partisan electioneering, limited organizational resources, and dependence on government funding. Immigrant rights advocates also operate in a national context focused on immigration enforcement rather than immigrant integration. In Making Immigrant Rights Real, Els de Graauw examines how immigrant-serving nonprofits can make impressive policy gains despite these limitations.

Drawing on three case studies of immigrant rights policies—language access, labor rights, and municipal ID cards—in San Francisco, de Graauw develops a tripartite model of advocacy strategies that nonprofits have used to propose, enact, and implement immigrant-friendly policies: administrative advocacy, cross-sectoral and cross-organizational collaborations, and strategic issue framing. The inventive development and deployment of these strategies enabled immigrant-serving nonprofits in San Francisco to secure some remarkable new immigrant rights victories, and de Graauw explores how other cities can learn from their experiences.

Public and Third Sector Leadership: Experience Speaks.
Edited by Brian Howieson and Julie Hodges.  
Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing, 2016.  220 pages.  
Cost: Hardback £ 70.99; Paperback: £ 25.00, € 35.00; US $40.00.  
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For those bold enough to lead in this age of austerity, the challenges are immense. Seismic shifts have taken place in the public and third sectors. Political, economic, technological, and social change are driving profound transformation of organizational models, making predictability and stability elusive. The combined effects of the economic downturn and cutbacks in spending are hitting leaders in the public and third sectors hard. Written by leaders in these sectors, this book provides an opportunity for the voices of those rarely considered in the literature on leadership to be heard. Each leader has contributed their personal reflections of what leadership means to them and their experience of it. They also consider the complex challenges they face as they grapple with changes in the economy, polity and society. Public and Third Sector Leadership: Experience Speaks provides an analysis of the research in the public and third sectors and the reflections written by each leader, highlighting the key themes from each sector. This is a unique opportunity to hear from the men and women who have demanding leadership positions in the public and third sectors in the UK today. 


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