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News & Press: General

External Grants Program RFP

Friday, August 10, 2012   (0 Comments)
Posted by: Robin Wehrlin
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Initiative on Philanthropy and Decision-Making @ the University of Chicago and the University of Wisconsin-Madison 

Initiative Director: John List

For full documentation, click here.

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Request for Applications:

The Initiative on Philanthropy and Decision-Making at the University of Chicago

and the University of Wisconsin-Madison is pleased to announce a new award program

to support research involving the application of economic experiments to philanthropy

and decision-making. The Initiative has $650,000 in available funds. The Initiative will

support up to 10-12 ‘small grant’ proposals over the next three years ranging from

$5,000-$49,999 per award. In addition, the Initiative will support up to 3-4 large grants

ranging from $50,000-$100,000 over the next three years. The application process for

both ‘small’ and ‘large’ grants is the same, but the PI should specify which granting

mechanism his/her proposal falls under. We suggest that new/young investigators apply

for ‘small’ grants while experienced investigators apply for ‘large’ grants.

Proposals will undergo an objective review process by Initiative staff and an

external review board comprised of 5 eminent scholars – 1-2 external review board

members will have expertise in social psychology, while the remaining members will

have expertise in behavioral/experimental economics. Proposals will be evaluated based

on alignment with Sir John’s Donor Intent, academic merit, innovation and feasibility of

successful implementation. Proposals that do not meet the requirements (either in content

or style) of this RFP will not be considered. Faculty and doctoral students at research

institutions (including universities/think tanks) in the US and abroad are eligible to apply.


Proposal Submission and Selection Schedule:

Round 1

June 15, 2012 – RFA announcement made

October 1, 2012 – Letter of Inquiry due

November 15, 2012 – Applicants invited to submit full proposals are notified

Feb 1, 2012 – Full proposals due (proposals sent to external committee for review)

July 1, 2013 – Funding decisions made/PIs notified (note – set your start between 07/01/13 – 08/01/13)

September, 2013 – Grant recipients attend workshop 1 (the University of Chicago)

January 1, 2014 – 6-month report due

August 1, 2014 – Final Report due (1 year after start date)

September, 2014 – Grant recipients may attend workshop 2 (the University of Chicago)

Round 2

July 1, 2013 – RFA announcement made

October 1, 2013 – Letter of Inquiry due

November 15, 2013 – Applicants invited to submit full proposals are notified

Feb 1, 2013 – Full proposals due (proposals sent to external committee for review)

July 1, 2014 – Funding decisions made/PIs notified (note – set your start between 07/01/14 – 08/01/14)

September, 2014 – Grant recipients attend workshop 2 (the University of Chicago)

January 1, 2015 – 6-month report due

August 1, 2015 – Final report due (1 year after start date)

September, 2015 – Grant recipients may attend workshop 3 (the University of Chicago)


Introduction:

Some of the most fundamental questions concerning human nature revolve around

the existence of social preferences. Major challenges include the basic understanding of

why, when and how individuals decide to engage in philanthropic activities. Key themes

requiring new insights include disentangling separate motivations for giving, the role of

nature versus nurture in the development of social preferences; the relationship of

preferences with culture, and how preferences and beliefs translate into behaviors,

choices and actions. Despite the economic downturn, more than $303 billion – over 2%

of U.S. GDP - was contributed to American philanthropic organizations in 2009.

Contributions by individual households account for 75% of total giving – giving in the

past decade averaged $1,940 per household.1 At the same time, $2 billion is spent on

fund-raising activities annually.2 Although charitable giving continues to grow rapidly,

philanthropic organizations often rely on rules of thumb, rather than hard scientific

evidence, to attract and maintain donors to finance public goods.

Experimental methods are an ideal approach that allows the researcher to generate

new data to discover how individuals actually behave in different situations involving

philanthropy and choice to give. In laboratory experiments, subjects (usually university

students) participate in context-free strategic interactions under real-world monetary

incentives. In field experiments, context is often integrated and subjects can come from

different populations. Field experiments can be categorized into artefactual, framed, and

natural. Artefactual field experiments are similar to lab experiments but with a nonstandard

subject pool (i.e., children, young adults, community members, or older adults).

Framed field experiments are conducted in the context of the information that subjects

normally encounter (i.e., framing a laboratory experiment as donating to charity X or Y).

Natural field experiments are similar to framed field experiments except subjects do not

know they are participants in an experiment. Focus groups and surveys are more

qualitative in nature and allow us to merge our knowledge of how individuals actually

behave with what individuals say they believe.


About the Initiative

The overarching goal of the Initiative on Philanthropy and Decision-Making is to

develop a deeper understanding of the types of social preferences that shape philanthropic

giving (including altruism, reciprocity, inequity aversion, warm-glow giving, cooperation

and generosity) and to apply this knowledge to inform both practitioners and

policymakers interested in philanthropy and the private provision of public goods. The

research findings have extensive and broader impact to society, advancing innovative

operating strategies that philanthropic organizations can benefit from in practice,

pinpointing the optimal public policies regarding public provision of goods and tax

treatment of charitable giving, and providing new knowledge for the individual donor.

The research conducted at the Initiative is focused on using the principles of

behavioral economics to measure social preferences and investigate how preferences and

beliefs influence charitable giving and associated acts of philanthropy. The use of the

1 Data from the GivingUSA Foundation and the Initiative on Philanthropy at Indiana University Annual

Report for 2010 (http://www.givingusareports.org).

2

These figures taken from Kelly, Kathleen S. ‘‘From Motivation to Mutual Understanding: Shifting the

Domain of Donor Research.’’ In Critical Issues in Fundraising, edited by Dwight Burlingame. New York:

Wiley, 1997.

experimental methodology is emphasized, incorporating a novel, multi-faceted data

generation approach that includes laboratory experiments, field experiments, focus

groups and surveys. The research conducted at the center is aimed at generating new

knowledge of human beliefs and behavior as related to charitable contributions.


Donor Intent

The Initiative for Philanthropy and Decision-Making is funded by the Templeton

Foundation. Therefore, the proposed project should be in line with Sir John’s vision for

Humility-in-Theology and his support for research that develops methods to measure

basic forces, including altruism and thanksgiving. See www.templeton.org for more

information about the Templeton Foundation and to read about Sir John Templeton.


Scope of Research Funded under the RFP

The goal of the Initiative for Philanthropy and Decision-Making is to fund novel

research projects that use the experimental approach (laboratory experiments or field

experiments) to investigate issues surrounding giving, including but not limited to giving

to public goods, motivation for giving, the impact of different solicitations or match

announcements on giving, social norms, and the development of social preferences.

Successful proposals will have a strong foundation in behavioral economics theory and a

feasible project plan. Moreover, successful proposals will have practical relevancy – the

proposal should describe how the results may be used in policy or practice. Proposals

may target the demand (philanthropic organizations) or supply (individual donors) side of

the market – both topics are of equal importance to the Initiative.

This Initiative will not fund proposals that do not use the experimental approach

as a primary data generation methodology, but encourages proposals that include a nonexperimental

secondary component (such as post-experiment surveys, additional data

gathering, etc.) The Initiative will not fund proposals with no direct link to the study of

philanthropy and giving behavior.


Eligibility

Proposals must be submitted by faculty, senior research associates, post-doctoral

scholars/fellows or doctoral candidates at a higher educational institution or other

research center both in the US and abroad. Doctoral candidates should apply with their

major professor as a PI of the proposal (please specify that this is the student’s work; if

so, multiple proposals from each PI for different students are allowed). We especially

encourage proposals from young researchers, including doctoral candidates, post-doctoral

researchers, and faculty who have received a Ph.D. in the last 3 years. If you would like

to verify that you are eligible, please contact the Initiative staff.

Each researcher may not submit more than one proposal in each round, but

researchers who have more than one potential idea are encouraged to contact the center

staff via e-mail to ask which of the ideas is most likely to be accepted. Alternatively, if

the researcher prefers, he/she may submit multiple LOIs, but only up to one LOI per

researcher will be invited for a full proposal. The limit does not apply for Co-PIs – a

researcher may be a Co-PI on multiple proposals but may only be PI on up to one

proposal in each funding round. This limit does not apply to faculty applying as a PI for a

student – faculty can be a PI on more than one student-initiated small grant proposal.

Researchers who have already been funded as a PI under this RFP may submit a

separate proposal as the PI in another round, as long as the total funding for each

researcher does not exceed $50,000 in 2 subsequent years. So for example, if the

researcher received $25,000 in round 1, he/she may request $25,000 for a significant

expansion or new project in round 2. Researchers may be Co-PI on multiple proposals

with no funding limits. Researchers who have already been funded under the ‘large grant’

line cannot apply again in another round to receive a ‘large grant,’ but may be eligible for

a small grant.

Letter of Inquiry Requirements

A complete LOI application consists of the letter of inquiry (not to exceed 2 pages

in 12 pt. Arial/Times font, excluding bibliography and cover page) and CVs of all

principal investigators. The LOI should include a brief description of the project,

including:

• Cover Page: List the following - Name of PI, name of Co-PI(s), home

institution(s), approximate amount of funding requested, type of application

(small or large grant call), type of data collection (lab or field). Also answer – if

funded lab experiment, will you need space? If funded field experiment, is a

collaborating organization/population secured or do you need assistance from the

center? (We can provide contacts for field study sites in some cases). See the

cover page template on our website.

• Body:

o Main research question

o Methodology – describe in detail how it relates to lab/field experiments

o Qualifications of PI – if new to the field/young researcher, describe related

experience and reasoning for starting work in this area of research

o Relevance of main research question to the Scope of Research

o Relevance of main research question to Templeton Mission


Proposal Requirements

Proposals are by invitation only (following LOI). The main proposal includes

Cover page and Research statement. The proposal must also include as attachments a

bibliography, CVs of relevant researchers, budget, budget justification and timeline.

The cover page should not be longer than 1 page and should include:

• Cover Page: The cover page should include all the information from the LOI

cover page, as well as the name and contact information of the Authorized

Representative, contact information for the Representative/Organization, Tax

identification or DUNS number, the funding amount requested, and a bullet-point

list of up to 3 key research questions (or "Big Questions”) that your proposal

aims to answer. For example, "Disentangling the motivation for giving: pure

altruism or warm glow?” or "Does a matching grant increase contributions to

public goods?” See the cover page template on our website.

The research statement should not exceed 12 pages in 12 pt. Arial/times font, excluding

bibliography. We suggest that proposals follow the following format:

• Motivation: A clear statement of intellectual merit of the research and expected

significance should be included. In addition, broader impact (i.e., importance for

policy) should be discussed. Explain why your proposal is innovative.

• Relevance: Should provide support for how the project is within the scope of

research and the relevance to the Templeton Mission.

• Contribution: The description should be clear about the specific contribution. This

section should include the related literature in the area of focus, and should

explain the gaps in the literature and how the research team’s proposed project

addresses these gaps.

• Approach: The approach section should include a brief description of the design,

including information about the treatments proposed and the number of

participants needed for each treatment. In addition, this section should address the

theoretical model underlying the research question, and should propose several

hypotheses that will be tested by the design.

• Researcher/Team Qualifications: Researchers should provide a brief statement

about their expertise in the area of study. If the proposal is being made by a young

investigator or a researcher who is switching fields, a rationale for why the

researcher is interested in the subject under study is encouraged.

The bibliography does not need to follow any specific format, but we prefer that you stick

to one type (APA/MLA etc.). Make sure that any references cited in the work are in the

bibliography, and that any work in the bibliography is cited in the main text. The CV

does not need to follow a specific format. We prefer short and concise CVs that include:

education, experience, research interests, related publications and working papers, other

publications and working papers, and previous grants awarded to the investigator. The

timeline should be included; list the main activities to be completed and the timeline to

completion. It is recommended to start from the end and anticipate all activities required

to complete a working paper by the end of 12 months.


Budget and Award Requirements

A budget should be included with the proposal. The Initiative (and the Templeton

Foundation) will not fund proposals with greater than 15% overhead, and proposals that

request lower overhead are encouraged.

The researcher is asked to budget for one trip to the University of Chicago

workshop to present the proposal. Selected researchers will be invited to present their

results at the following workshop.

The researcher may also budget for travel to present the work at one additional

conference or meeting, effort time for the PIs (not to exceed 1 summer month of effort),

subject payments, and other research expenses. The researchers may not budget for

equipment exceeding $1,000. The overall budget (excluding overhead) may not exceed

$49,999 for small grants and $100,000 for large grants. The budget can be submitted as a

separate Excel file.

The budget justification should be 1 page long and should include reasoning for

each of the line items in the budget.


Grant Recipient Requirements

We require a working paper submitted to the Initiative one year after receipt of

the grant that detail the results of the work (the deadline for Round 1 reports is August 1,

2014; the deadline for Round 2 reports is August 1, 2015). These are hard deadlines,

since we must meet Templeton Foundation requirements. Intermediate progress reports

may also be required.

We strongly encourage grant recipients to attend a workshop at the University of

Chicago the year the project is funded. We will hold special meetings during the

workshop aimed at helping grant recipients learn about logistics of field experiments,

publication venues, and the like. If you would like to attend the workshop, please budget

for this in your grant and plan to present either your proposal or final paper.

In addition, we strongly encourage grant recipients to work with the center staff to

create a short, 3-5 minute webinar or research brochure, intended for paper and web

dissemination, on the research results. These webinars will be filmed during the

workshop.


Submission

Submission should be made electronically to:

research.acs@gmail.com

Please indicate that this is a grant submission in the subject line.

We prefer submissions in PDF format, but Word format is also accepted (though note

that you may have some differences in formatting.)

 



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