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News & Press: General

Turkey: Academic Freedom and Higher Education

Monday, August 15, 2016   (0 Comments)
Posted by: Robin Wehrlin
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ISTR has signed on to the statement of MESA (Middle East Studies Association) with regard to threats to academic freedom and higher education in Turkey in the wake of the failed coup attempt of July 15-16. To date, over fifty US and European scholarly associations have signed on to the statement. 

ISTR is one of multiple organizations concerned with recent developments which look to dismantle much of the structure of Turkish higher education through purges, restrictions, and assertions of central control, a process begun earlier this year and accelerating now with alarming speed. 

As a scholarly association, ISTR shares in the commitment to the principles of academic freedom and freedom of expression. The recent moves in Turkey herald a massive and virtually unprecedented assault on those principles. One of the Middle East region’s leading systems of higher education is under severe threat as a result, as are the careers and livelihoods of many of its faculty members and academic administrators.  To learn more, please visit http://mesana.org/about/board-letters-statements.html#TurkishHigherEducation 

In recognizing the need for action, the MESA Board and Committee on Academic Freedom have prepared the following tools, as well:  

1. Letter of explanation[mesana.org] regarding extraordinary measures against academics in Turkey

2.  Practical advice for Turkish academics [mesana.org] seeking opportunities or refuge outside Turkey (here the wording is a little MESA specific but feel free to tailor the language to suit your own discipline or area).

3.  Advice for institutions[mesana.org] outside Turkey to help Turkish academics.  

____________________________________________________________________

July 21, 2016 Statement from MESA:

The below listed organizations collectively note with profound concern the apparent moves to dismantle much of the structure of Turkish higher education through purges, restrictions, and assertions of central control, a process begun earlier this year and accelerating now with alarming speed. 

As scholarly associations, we are committed to the principles of academic freedom and freedom of expression. The recent moves in Turkey herald a massive and virtually unprecedented assault on those principles. One of the Middle East region’s leading systems of higher education is under severe threat as a result, as are the careers and livelihoods of many of its faculty members and academic administrators.

Our concern about the situation in Turkish universities has been mounting over the past year, as Turkish authorities have moved to retaliate against academics for expressing their political views—some merely signing an “Academics for Peace” petition criticizing human rights violations. 

Yet the threat to academic freedom and higher education has recently worsened in a dramatic fashion. In the aftermath of the failed coup attempt of July 15-16, 2016, the Turkish government has moved to purge government officials in the Ministry of Education and has called for the resignation of all university deans across the country’s public and private universities. As of this writing, it appears that more than 15,000 employees at the education ministry have been fired and nearly 1600 deans—1176 from public universities and 401 from private universities—have been asked to resign. In addition, 21,000 private school teachers have had their teaching licenses cancelled. Further, reports suggest that travel restrictions have been imposed on academics at public universities and that Turkish academics abroad were required to return to Turkey. The scale of the travel restrictions, suspensions and imposed resignations in the education sector seemingly go much farther than the targeting of individuals who might have had any connection to the attempted coup.

The crackdown on the education sector creates the appearance of a purge of those deemed inadequately loyal to the current government. Moreover, the removal of all of the deans across the country represents a direct assault on the institutional autonomy of Turkey’s universities. The replacement of every university’s administration simultaneously by the executive-controlled Higher Education Council would give the government direct administrative control of all Turkish universities. Such concentration and centralization of power over all universities is clearly inimical to academic freedom. Moreover, the government’s existing record of requiring university administrators’ to undertake sweeping disciplinary actions against perceived opponents—as was the case against the Academics for Peace petition signatories—lends credence to fears that the change in university administrations will be the first step in an even broader purge against academics in Turkey.

Earlier this year, it was already clear that the Turkish government, in a matter of months, had amassed a staggering record of violations of academic freedom and freedom of expression. The aftermath of the attempted coup may have accelerated those attacks on academic freedom in even more alarming ways.

As scholarly organizations, we collectively call for respect for academic freedom—including freedom of expression, opinion, association and travel—and the autonomy of universities in Turkey, offer our support to our Turkish colleagues, second the Middle East Studies Association’s “call for action” of January 15, request that Turkey’s diplomatic interlocutors (both states and international organizations) advocate vigorously for the rights of Turkish scholars and the autonomy of Turkish universities, suggest other scholarly organizations speak forcefully about the threat to the Turkish academy, and alert academic institutions throughout the world that Turkish colleagues are likely to need moral and substantive support in the days ahead.

Academic Engagement Network
African Studies Association
American Academy of Religion
American Anthropological Association
American Association of Geographers 
Executive Committee of the American Comparative Literature Association
American Council of Learned Societies
American Folklore Society 
American Historical Association 
American Library Association 
American Philosophical Association 
American Musicological Society 
American Society for Environmental History 
American Sociological Association 
American Studies Association 
Association for Middle East Women's Studies 
Association for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies 
Association for the Study of Law, Culture and the Humanities
Association for the Study of the Arts of the Present 
Association of College & Research Libraries 
British International Studies Association 
British Society for Middle Eastern Studies 
Executive Committee of the California Scholars for Academic Freedom
College Art Association 
Economic History Association 
European Association for Middle Eastern Studies
European Association of Social Anthropologists 
European Network for Cinema and Media Studies (NECS) 
Executive Board of the European Society for Translation Studies 
German Middle East Studies Association (DAVO) 
German Studies Association 
Gingko Library
International Center for Medieval Art 
International Courtly Literature Society 
International Society for Third-Sector Research 
Italian American Studies Association 
Italian Society for Middle Eastern Studies (SeSaMo) 
Latin American Studies Association
Law and Society Association 
Linguistic Society of America
The Medieval Academy of America 
Middle East Studies Association 
Modern Language Association 
National Communication Association 
Organization of American Historians 
Ottoman and Turkish Studies Association 
Political Studies Association 
Société Française de Littérature Générale et Comparée 
Society for Cinema and Media Studies 
Society for Classical Studies 
Society for Ethnomusicology 
Society for Literature, Science, and the Arts 
Society of Architectural Historians
Society of Biblical Literature 
Southeastern Medieval Association 
TESOL International Association 
West African Research Association 
Western Society of Criminology 
World History Association

 


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